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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia) activity update: slowly growing lava dome in summit

Wednesday Jul 25, 2012 10:05 AM | BY: T

View of the summit crater of Merapi with the slowly growing lava dome at the bottom (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
View of the summit crater of Merapi with the slowly growing lava dome at the bottom (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
Our group at the summit of Merapi (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
Our group at the summit of Merapi (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
Merapi's lava dome continues to grow slowly inside the summit crater. Our group who climbed the volcano on 14 July could see some glow from its crater rim.
Previous news
The new lava dome and red glow on the dome wall from a isolated part of active lava, that is located on the western side of the crater/dome (27 May 2012).
Tuesday, May 29, 2012
During a recent visit to the crater of Merapi 26-27 May, our friend Øystein from Jakarta could clearly observe a new lava dome that is slowly building up inside a depression of the summit crater. The dome is not very active yet, but has a very small glowing part of lava at the western end. This activity is consistent with the latest data from the Merapi volcano observatory reports on seismic levels at the time. [more]
Wednesday, May 02, 2012
A recently published study shows that Mt Merapi volcano near Yogyakarta has been inflating during the past 2 years, following its last and deadly eruption in 2010. ... [more]
Friday, Feb 17, 2012
Seismic activity has increased beneath Mount Merapi volcano in Central Java, Indonesia, in the last few days. The increase in so-called multiphase earthquakes is thought to indicate the beginning of the formation of a new lava dome. ... [more]
Monday, Mar 21, 2011
A powerful lahar (mud flow) occurred on 21 March on the SW flank of Merapi volcano. A lahar traveled through the village of Sleman, approximately 20 km SW of Merapi, burying 21 homes in addition to vehicles and livestock. At least 200 residents were evacuated. [more]
Sunday, Nov 14, 2010
A small pyroclastic flow occured at Merapi yesterday, reaching 1.8 km from the summit. Today, the explosive activity from the vents at the summit seems to have decreased further. The ash plume rises to about 1 km above the crater and appears to be much smaller in volume than yesterday. Yogyakarta airport is scheduled to reopen on 16 Nov, if the trend of decreasing activity continues. [more]

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