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Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
(4 out of 5)
Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
Merapi volcano tours:From Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
Merapi volcano (Java, Indonesia): glowing avalanches from growing lava dome
Wed, 6 Jan 2021, 17:03
17:03 PM | BY: T
Glowing avalanches from Merapi's lava dome on the evening of 5 Jan 2021 (image: Yohannes Tyas Galih Jati / facebook)
The eruptive activity has increased at the volcano and is becoming more and more dangerous. This had also been expected from the recent increase in volcanic earthquakes.
During the past 48 hours, the lava dome in the summit crater produced a series of glowing avalanches from its flanks, sign that new magma is arriving into the dome, causing it to grow.
The lava dome's rims are now almost touching the breach in the crater, which means that very soon it could generate very dangerous glowing avalanches (hot pyroclastic flows) onto the outer slopes of the volcano.
Over the past several days, seismic activity from the Merapi volcano – Indonesia's most active – has been increasing significantly, suggesting that a more intense phase of volcanic activity is on its way. ... read all
PVMBG reported that the activity of the volcano continues at seismic elevated levels
over the past month. The seismic instruments detected approx. 490 volcano-tectonic earthquakes. ... read all
PVMBG reported that an alert level
for the volcano was raised from the level 2 to level 3
as an increase of seismicity has been recorded.
... read all
After a phase of relative calm since beginning May, two powerful explosions
occurred at the volcano today, at 09:13 and 09:27 local time.
The both eruptions took place 328 seconds and 100 seconds respectively. ... read all
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