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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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From Krakatau to Bali (16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)
Volcanoes of Java (17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)

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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia), eruption update: strong eruptions, uncertain reports about 12+ fatalities

Tuesday Oct 26, 2010 22:12 PM |

According to some news reports, the eruption of Merapi already took 12-15 fatalities. AFP reports "Twelve bodies were found by rescuers at a house near the volcano", the house of Merapi's gatekeeper Mbah Marijan who's believed to be in spiritual contact with Merapi and highly regarded by the local population. If this is true, a major pyroclastic flow has already been triggered by the new eruption.
Most other news sources, however, including Indonesian newspapers such as the Jakarta Post, do not mention these fatalities and only talk about injuries and a baby falling victim because of inhaling ash.
The VAAC Darwin reports ash reaching 60,000 ft (20 km) (!) in an advisory dated 19:45 GMT (26 Oct) and 30,000 ft (ca. 10 km) in a follow-up advisory at 19:50. Most likely, the altitude of the eruption plume is not easily detecteable and may be overestimated. Local sources speak of heights around 1.5 km above the crater, i.e. ca. 4000 m a.s.l. or ca. 12,000 ft.
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
Tuesday, Oct 26, 2010
Following weeks of increasing seismicity, inflation and increased temperatures at the summit lava dome, Merapi started to erupted with 3 ash explosions the first larger eruptions today 26 October 2010. Ash reached 1.5 km height (4,500 ft) above the crater and according to news reports, one baby died from inhaling ash. ... [more]
Monday, Oct 25, 2010
Like our team member Doni told us, Merapi is awaking and a mayor eruption is possible. People around the volcano are evacuated to prevent the danger of pyroclastic flows. [more]
Thursday, Sep 30, 2010
Merapi volcano near Central Java's capital Yogyakarta might be entering in a new phase of activity. The latest SI/USGS translates the following information from the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia: ... [more]
Wednesday, Mar 21, 2007

Based on pilot reports, the Darwin VAAC reported an eruption plume from Merapi reaching an altitude of 6.1 km (20,000 ft) a.s.l.on 19 March.

[more]
Glowing rockfalls at Merapi volcano at night (Aug. 2006)
Friday, Aug 18, 2006

Merapi volcano continues to be active, although the rate of the lava dome growth has been slowing down. During our ongoing tour, we visited the volcano on several occasions and observed a number of glowing rock avalanches to the SE side, travelling to a maximum of about 1 km from the summit. No pyroclastic flows were observed.

[more]

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