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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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From Krakatau to Bali (16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)
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Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

latest (2020) ... | 2010 | 2007 | | 2006 | 2005
Fri, 18 Aug 2006, 03:47
Glowing rockfalls at Merapi volcano at night (Aug. 2006)

Merapi volcano continues to be active, although the rate of the lava dome growth has been slowing down. During our ongoing tour, we visited the volcano on several occasions and observed a number of glowing rock avalanches to the SE side, travelling to a maximum of about 1 km from the summit. No pyroclastic flows were observed.

Sat, 29 Jul 2006, 06:28

During 19-25 July, lava flow / rock-fall activity at Merapi continued with incanescent rockfalls reaching maximum distances of 1.5 km SE toward the Gendol River. Pyroclastic flows were not observed during the reporting period. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4).

Wed, 12 Jul 2006, 13:26

Merapi's activity has been gradually decreasing over the past two weeks. Pyroclastic flows into the Krasak and Gendol ravines have been becoming less frequent and rarely exceed 1 km in length. The lava dome is still glowing at night and produces incandescent rock-falls. Ash falls over the the past months have destroyed more than 3000 hectares of cultivated land (rice-fields, sweet-potato plantations and other crops), mostly in the Magelang, Boyolali and Klaten districts.

Sat, 17 Jun 2006, 11:22

The eruption of Merapi is increasing in intensity and has claimed the first deaths: Two people were killed on Wednesday 14 June, 2006, by a particularly strong pyroclastic flow that reached the area, travelling almost 7 km from the summit. The two men managed to run into a shelter at the village of Kaliadem, east of Kinahrejo near Bebeng, on the SE flank of the volcano, but were trapped inside because flow covered the shelter with about 2 meters of hot deposits. Although they survived for a while, the heat of the deposits effectively baked them to death. Recue workers tried for over 24 hours to free them, interrupted only when new pyroclastic flows were theatening to reach the area again. When the shelter was dug out free, they could only find the dead bodies. The flow also damaged some buildings, which is the first time, the eruption affected structures and villages as well.

...more [read all]
Wed, 14 Jun 2006, 15:58

After less than 24 hours, the alert level of Merapi volcano has been raised back again to the highest status of 4 on June 14, 2006. The decision followed a marked increase in activity with more frequent and longer pyroclastic flows travelling up to 3 km down the SW and SE flanks of the volcano. 

Wed, 14 Jun 2006, 06:28

Merapi has quieted down a bit after part of the lava dome collapsed on Friday evening. Less numbers and smaller pyroclastic flows have been recorded since the event that removed approximately 1/3 of the lava dome. As a result, VSI has downgraded the alert status from 4 to 3 on 13 June 2006 at 11.00 WIB.

Thu, 8 Jun 2006, 16:38
Pyroclastic flow travelling on Merapi's SW side towards Krasak river (27 May 2006)

Volcanic activity at Merapi continues to increase gradually since the earthquake of 27 May 2006, with the growing lava dome shedding glowing lava avalanches and pyroclastic flows that increase in number.

...more [read all]
Mon, 5 Jun 2006, 11:03

Merapi continues to be in an elevated state of activity; the dome continues to grow and shed pyroclastic flows of small to moderate size (up to 3-4 km) down its SW and SE flanks. It now over 100 m high and an estimated 150-200,000 cubic meters are added per day, reduced by the volume of the pyroclastic flows. The risk of a major dome collapse increases. Authorities are warning residents to enter the 7 km exclusion zones, and try to forcefully evacuate some of the most exposed areas.

Thu, 1 Jun 2006, 15:20
Pyroclastic flow at Merapi volcano

After a period of heightened activity during and following the 27 May, 2006, earthquake that took more than 6000 lifes in the Yogyakarta area, Merapi continues to emit glowing avalanches and pyroclastic flows travelling up to 2-3 km from the summit.

...more [read all]
Mon, 22 May 2006, 10:01
Merapi volcano in eruption in May 2006 (photo taken on 22 May)

Activity at Merapi has been declining over the past days, although the lava dome is still active and probably growing. The summit of the new dome is higher than the previous summit of Merapi, whose total height now must have reached 3000 m. During the last nights, we observed no true pyroclastic flows, but frequent small to medium avalanches of glowing rock, travelling up to about 500-700m down two narrow channels on the S and SE sides.

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latest (2020) ... | 2010 | 2007 | | 2006 | 2005

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