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Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
(4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
Last earthquakes nearby
Merapi volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
Latest satellite imagesSentinel hub
| Landsat 8
Merapi volcano news & eruption updates
Sun, 21 Oct 2012, 10:05
The summit dome who occupied the summit crater partially collapsed at an unknown date but very recently (probably in October because it was still seen in Sep). ...more
Sat, 20 Oct 2012, 08:43
A dome that was last seen in September 2012 has since disappeared sometime in October. The probable cause was probably non-volcanic collapse. ...more
Fri, 31 Aug 2012, 08:10
The summit crater and lava dome of Merapi at sunrise (photo: Dietmar)
One of the participants on our recent trekking tour to Java
in August send us a great photo of Merapi's new lava dome in the summit crater at sunrise.
Wed, 25 Jul 2012, 10:05
View of the summit crater of Merapi with the slowly growing lava dome at the bottom (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
Merapi's lava dome continues to grow slowly inside the summit crater. Our group who climbed the volcano on 14 July could see some glow from its crater rim.
Our group at the summit of Merapi (photo: Andi / VolcanoDiscovery Indonesia)
Tue, 29 May 2012, 10:05
The new lava dome and red glow on the dome wall from a isolated part of active lava, that is located on the western side of the crater/dome (27 May 2012).
During a recent visit to the crater of Merapi 26-27 May, our friend Øystein from Jakarta could clearly observe a new lava dome that is slowly building up inside a depression of the summit crater. The dome is not very active yet, but has a very small glowing part of lava at the western end. This activity is consistent with the latest data from the Merapi volcano observatory reports on seismic levels at the time.
Wed, 2 May 2012, 17:34
A recently published study shows that Mt Merapi volcano near Yogyakarta has been inflating during the past 2 years, following its last and deadly eruption in 2010. ...more
Fri, 17 Feb 2012, 10:05
Seismic activity has increased beneath Mount Merapi volcano in Central Java, Indonesia, in the last few days. The increase in so-called multiphase earthquakes is thought to indicate the beginning of the formation of a new lava dome. ...more
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