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Volcano Calendar 2019
: We're proud to present our 2019 volcano calendar: 13 different and attractive images of volcanoes, volcanic landscapes and phenomena taken during volcano tours over the past few years.
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Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°ECurrent status
(4 out of 5)Merapi webcams / live data
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoingTypical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.Last earthquakes nearby
Merapi volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)Latest satellite images
Merapi volcano news & eruption updates
Thu, 12 Dec 2013, 14:42
Another small phreatic explosion occurred at the summit lava dome this morning at 08:10 local time. it produced an ash plume rising 500 m. According to VSI, rainwater infiltration into the hot rocks of the dome caused the eruption.
Sun, 1 Dec 2013, 10:13
Another phreatic explosion was reported yesterday 11:00 (local time). According to a news article, the eruption produced an ash plume of about 500 m height.
Tue, 26 Nov 2013, 17:27
Particular vigilance should be maintained to monitor the volcano. A large crack, about 230 m long and 50 m wide, has appeared in the lava dome that had been emplaced in the summit crater at the end of the 2010 eruption. It increases the current risk of sudden collapse of the dome, resulting in rock avalanches and dangerous pyroclastic flows. Even a smaller phreatic explosion than the one from 18 Nov could trigger this.
Mon, 18 Nov 2013, 18:08
A relatively strong explosion occurred yesterday morning (4-6 am local time), producing a large ash plume of about 2 km height and accompanied by loud rumblings. Ash fell to the south and east sides of the volcano, as far as Solo (30 km distance). According to local press, many people spontaneously evacuated their homes in several villages near the volcano.
Thu, 3 Oct 2013, 16:41
The crater of Merapi volcano (photo: Øystein)
Activity has been low during the past months. In the crater, a small but considerable area was covered by incandescent material caused by escaping hot gas, that made a "hissing" sound very notable to the ear, our friend Øystein Lund Andersen reports who climbed the volcano on 29 Sep. ...more
Wed, 24 Jul 2013, 01:50
A small explosive eruption occurred from the volcano yesterday (22 July) morning between 04:22 and 05:35 local time. It produced a dark ash plume rising about 1000 m and ash fall in the villages of Klaten (SE of the volcano) and Sleman (SW).
Mon, 22 Jul 2013, 09:41
Merapi volcano, on the island if Java, Indonesia produced a moderate emission of ash earlier today. ...more
Sat, 15 Jun 2013, 14:55
A small ash eruption was reported yesterday at around 09:15 local time. Residents near the volcano heard an explosion sound and some fins ash fell on nearby villages.
More on VolcanoDiscovery:
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Small spherical balls of volcanic ash that form from a wet nucleus falling through a volcanic ash cloud.