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Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
(4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
Last earthquakes nearby
Merapi volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates
Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia) activity update: summit dome collapsed
Sunday Oct 21, 2012 10:05 AM | BY: T
The summit dome who occupied the summit crater partially collapsed at an unknown date but very recently (probably in October because it was still seen in Sep).
The reason for its disappearance is not clear as the event was not noticed by local volcanologists. An article in Jakarta Post article mentions that according to volcanologists, rain was not a likely cause as there has been very little. Nor was any unusual activity (such as deformation, seismic activity etc) recorded recently.
This dome collapse should serve as a warning that even during times of repose, the volcano is able to produce dangerous activity in form of debris avalanches and lahars, as the rainy season approaches.
Links / Sources:
Saturday, Oct 20, 2012
A dome that was last seen in September 2012 has since disappeared sometime in October. The probable cause was probably non-volcanic collapse. ...
Friday, Aug 31, 2012
One of the participants on our recent trekking tour to Java
in August send us a great photo of Merapi's new lava dome in the summit crater at sunrise.
Wednesday, Jul 25, 2012
Merapi's lava dome continues to grow slowly inside the summit crater. Our group who climbed the volcano on 14 July could see some glow from its crater rim.
Tuesday, May 29, 2012
During a recent visit to the crater of Merapi 26-27 May, our friend Øystein from Jakarta could clearly observe a new lava dome that is slowly building up inside a depression of the summit crater. The dome is not very active yet, but has a very small glowing part of lava at the western end. This activity is consistent with the latest data from the Merapi volcano observatory reports on seismic levels at the time.
Wednesday, May 02, 2012
A recently published study shows that Mt Merapi volcano near Yogyakarta has been inflating during the past 2 years, following its last and deadly eruption in 2010. ...
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