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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia): lava dome grows in summit crater, potentially becoming dangerous

Saturday Dec 29, 2018 09:20 AM | BY: T

Glowing rockfalls from Merapi seen last night (image: Galih Jati / VolcanoDiscovery)
Glowing rockfalls from Merapi seen last night (image: Galih Jati / VolcanoDiscovery)
The glowing lava dome of Merapi last night (image: Galih Jati / VolcanoDiscovery)
The glowing lava dome of Merapi last night (image: Galih Jati / VolcanoDiscovery)
The volcano continues to erupt slowly, gradually filling the summit crater with a growing lava dome. Incandescent rockfalls occur from the sides of the dome, but so far these have been confined to the crater.
However, the situation is slowly (but almost surely) becoming more dangerous: As the dome grows, the risk of larger, sudden explosions increases, as well as the risk that the dome over-spills or breaches the crater rim. In that case, its activity will directly threaten the densely inhabited areas downslope, as pieces breaking off the lava dome can easily turn into glowing avalanches (pyroclastic flows) that can travel many kilometers and devastate everything in their path.
As for now, authorities have raised the alert level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) and closed the summit area for climbing.
Videos of the dome taken last night by our expedition leader Galih:

Previous news
This morning's explosion at Merapi
Friday, Jun 01, 2018
Another strong, but short-lived explosive eruption occurred at the volcano this morning at 08:20 local time. The eruption lasted only about 2 minutes, but was powerful enough to send an ash column approx. 6 km above the summit crater to an altitude around 9 km. It rose near vertically then drifted to the NW and SW. ... [more]
 

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