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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia): deformation suggests volcano is ready for a new eruption

Wednesday May 02, 2012 17:34 PM | BY: T

A recently published study shows that Mt Merapi volcano near Yogyakarta has been inflating during the past 2 years, following its last and deadly eruption in 2010.
According to the study, Merapi has entered a new cycle of inflation which is a typical precursor of a new lava dome-building eruption caused by rising magma within the conduit of the volcano. At the moment, there is no way to predict when exactly the next eruption will start, but given that it is one of the world's most active volcanoes, it might not be in a too long future.
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Previous news
Friday, Feb 17, 2012
Seismic activity has increased beneath Mount Merapi volcano in Central Java, Indonesia, in the last few days. The increase in so-called multiphase earthquakes is thought to indicate the beginning of the formation of a new lava dome. ... [more]
Monday, Mar 21, 2011
A powerful lahar (mud flow) occurred on 21 March on the SW flank of Merapi volcano. A lahar traveled through the village of Sleman, approximately 20 km SW of Merapi, burying 21 homes in addition to vehicles and livestock. At least 200 residents were evacuated. [more]
Sunday, Nov 14, 2010
A small pyroclastic flow occured at Merapi yesterday, reaching 1.8 km from the summit. Today, the explosive activity from the vents at the summit seems to have decreased further. The ash plume rises to about 1 km above the crater and appears to be much smaller in volume than yesterday. Yogyakarta airport is scheduled to reopen on 16 Nov, if the trend of decreasing activity continues. [more]
Saturday, Nov 13, 2010
After the powerful explosions and devastating pyroclastic flows last weekend, and a minor pyroclastic flow on 11 Nov morning, Merapi's activity has sharply decreased. ... [more]
Saturday, Nov 06, 2010
Strong eruptions continue at Merapi volcano, Indonesia. Violent explosions are audible tens of kilometers away from the summit. Magma is still rising inside the volcano and even more powerful explosions could occur. Ash from the explosions and from pyroclastic flows is forming a large plume reaching 10-20 km altitude and extending now over 300 km to the west. The ash threatens to reach the airspace of Jakarta airport soon, which promted Singapore Airlines, Lufthansa, Emirates and other airlines to suspend long-haul flights to Jakarta for the time being. ... [more]

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