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Merapi volcano
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia) activity update: spectacular explosion recorded

Tuesday Mar 03, 2020 12:48 PM | BY: MARTIN

An ash column from Merapi volcano reached approx. 9,000 m altitude today (image: BPPTKG)
An ash column from Merapi volcano reached approx. 9,000 m altitude today (image: BPPTKG)
The Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) recored that a spectacular explosion occurred on 3 March at 05:22 local time. An explosion at the Merapi generated a dense dark ash plume, which rose approx. 20,000 ft (6,000 m) above the summit and drifted NE.
Ashfall was reported in several areas downwind including Musuk (10 km N), Cepogo Boyolali (10 km N), Mriyan (3 km) and Boyolali (3 km).
The seismic station records 1 volcano-tectonic earthquake and 2 long-period events. Deformation did not show significant changes. These observational data indicate that nearing the eruption there was not enough pressure to form because the eruption material was dominated by volcanic gas.
The threat of this eruption in the form of hot clouds originating from the disassembly of lava dome material and volcanic material burst with a range of
Previous news
Merapi volcano on 22 February (image: PVMBG)
Thursday, Feb 27, 2020
PVMBG reported that the volume of the volcano’s summit lava dome decreased after the 13 February eruption that generated an ash plume which reached approx. 26,561 ft (2,000 m) altitude. The dome volume the day before the event was estimated at 407,000 cubic meters, and afterwards on 19 February was reduced to 291,000 cubic meters. ... [more]

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