Merbabu volcano

Stratovolcano 3145 m (10,318 ft)
Zentraljava, Indonesien, -7.45°S / 110.43°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Merbabu volcano seen from the summit of Merapi
Merbabu volcano seen from the summit of Merapi

Merbabu in Central Java is located immediately N of Merapi volcano separated from the latter by a broad 1500 m high saddle. Less active than Merapi and largely forested, Merbabu is part of the regional NNW-SSE volcanic chain extending from Merapi to Ungaran volcano.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive and effusive.
Merbabu volcano eruptions:

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Background

The volcano is elongated in a NNW-SSE direction, parallel to a regional transverse fault perpendicular to the plate boundary. The fault defines a volcanic chain strechting from Merapi volcano in the S to Ungaran volcano in the N.
3 large U-shaped radial valleys NW, NE, and SE extend from the 3145-m-high summit of Merbabu and define 3 sectors. The most recent eruptions originated from a NNW-SSE fissure system that cuts across the summit and fed the large-volume Kopeng and Kajor lava flows on the northern and southern flanks. Moderate explosive eruptions have occurred from the summit crater of Merbabu in historical time.
(adapted from GVP)

Merbabu Photos

 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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