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Monowai volcano
submarine volcano -132 m / - 433 ft
Kermandec Islands, New Zealand, -25.89°S / -177.19°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Monowai volcano books
Monowai volcano eruptions:
2008, 2006, 2005, 2003, 2002 (Nov), 2002 (May), 1999, 1997-98, 1997 (Apr), 1996, 1995, 1990-91, 1988, 1986, 1982, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1977 (Oct), 1977 (Apr), 1944(?)
Typical eruption style:
explosive
Last earthquakes nearby
Latest satellite images

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

News & activity updates from Monovai submarine volcano

Monovai submarine volcano (Kermandec Islands): eruptions occurred in October 2014

Friday Nov 14, 2014 07:31 AM | BY: T

Pumice raft observed on 31 Oct near Monovai seamount (RNZAF via GeoNet)
Pumice raft observed on 31 Oct near Monovai seamount (RNZAF via GeoNet)
T waves from Monovai volcano showing 3 periods of likely activity (GeoNet)
T waves from Monovai volcano showing 3 periods of likely activity (GeoNet)
New Zealand scientists concluded that most likely 3 underwater eruptions occurred during this October at the shallow submarine volcano, one of the most active ones in the Tonga-Kermadec arc.
This conclusion was based on both the observation of a pumice raft in the area on 31 Oct and the analysis of so-called T-waves, a particular kind of acoustic waves that propagate well in the ocean and have been found to be typically associated with submarine eruptions from Monovai seamount.
These T-waves were recorded Rarotonga, Polynesia, more than 1800 km from the volcano. They show 3 periods of possible activity at Monovai: during 16-22 Oct, 23-27 Oct and 30 Oct - early Nov. The latter corresponds well with the observation of the pumice raft on 31 Oct by the NZ airforce.
The last confirmed eruption at the volcano occurred in 2012. Although it is far from inhabited areas on land, the volcano has the potential of explosive eruptions to produce significant ash plumes which could threaten regional air routes. Another hazard is the occurrence of underwater landslides, which have been documented to occur by recent bathymetric comparison studies. Larger landslides at the steep underwater flanks could in turn trigger tsunamis.
Previous news
A satellite image from 10 Aug showing the pumice raft off Raoul Island in the Kermadec Islands (Image: Aqua/MODIS 2012/223 08/10/2012 01:30 UTC (NASA), annotations: Eric Klemetti / Eruptions Blog)
Saturday, Aug 11, 2012
A submarine eruption has taken place a few days ago in the Kermandec Islands. The eruption was not directly observed, but a new large pumice raft has been spotted by NZ navy and others. The pumice is drifting 85 nautical miles south-west of Raoul Island on Thursday night (9 Aug). ... [more]

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