BackgroundThe diameter of the caldera is about 9 x 5 km and it is half filled by a crater lake. Volcanic activity after the caldera formation has produced rhyolithic & basaltic lava flows and domes at the caldera rim and on its floor.
Pyroclastic flows and the emission of glassy obsidian lava flows accompanied construction of lava domes within the caldera; later activity formed a series of cinder cones and lava domes erupted along N-S-trending fissures on the northern flank. The most recent activity has been concentrated along a NNW-trending fissure cutting the eastern caldera floor and extending beyond the north caldera rim; nearly two dozen cinder cones and lava domes were constructed on the caldera floor. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions, and an historical eruption in 1441 AD from a north-flank fissure involved compositionally bimodal lava flows.
Nemrut Dagi Photos
Nemrut Dagi, little part of blue and green lake, near Tatvan, East Anatolia, Turkey (Photo: WNomad)
Panoramic View of Blue Lake in Caldera Nemrut Dagi, Turkey (Photo: WNomad)
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS