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Niigata-Yake-yama volcano

Updated: Jun 5, 2023 22:48 GMT -
lava dome 2400 m / 7,874 ft
Honshu (Japan), 36.92°N / 138.04°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 26 Feb 2022 (sporadic explosions, seismic unrest)

Niigata-Yake-yama volcano is located in the Niigata prefecture in central Honshu, near the Japan Sea. It is one of several Japanese volcanoes named Yake-yama ("Burning Mountain"). It is a very young andesitic-to-dacitic lava dome. A large explosive eruption in 887 AD produced a major pyroclastic flow which traveled 20 km to the sea.

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Typical eruption style: explosive
Niigata-Yake-yama volcano eruptions: 1998, 1997, 1989, 1987, 1983, 1974, 1963, 1962, 1949, 1854, 1852, 1773, 1361, 989, 887

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Saturday, June 3, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 3, 2023 7:37 pm (GMT +9) (Jun 3, 2023 10:37 GMT)

27 km
27 km (17 mi)
15 km southeast of Jōetsu, Niigata, Japan
Monday, May 29, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
May 29, 2023 12:15 pm (GMT +9) (May 29, 2023 03:15 GMT)

221 km
14 km (8.7 mi)
10.2 km south of Itoigawa, Niigata, Japan
Sunday, May 28, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
May 28, 2023 10:11 am (GMT +9) (May 28, 2023 01:11 GMT)

215 km
23 km (14 mi)
8.7 km southwest of Itoigawa, Niigata, Japan
Saturday, May 27, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
May 27, 2023 10:40 pm (GMT +9) (May 27, 2023 13:40 GMT)

214 km
38 km (24 mi)
13 km north of Ōmachi, Omachi, Nagano, Japan


The small volcano rises to 2400 m and was constructed on a base of Tertiary mountains 2000 m high beginning about 3100 years ago. 3 major magmatic eruptions took place in historical time, producing pyroclastic flows and surges and lava flows that traveled mainly down the Hayakawa river valley to the north and NW.
The first of these eruptions took place about 1000 years ago (in 887 and possibly 989 AD) and produced the Hayakawa pyroclastic flow, which traveled about 20 km to reach the Japan Sea, and the massive Mae-yama lava flow, which traveled about 6.5 km down the Hayakawa river valley. The summit lava dome was emplaced during the 1361 eruption, and the last magmatic eruption took place in 1773 AD. Eruptive activity since 1773 has consisted of relatively minor phreatic explosions from several radial fissures and explosion craters that cut the summit and flanks of the dome.
(Source: Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Sun, 8 May 2016, 10:36

Niigata Yake-Yama volcano (Honshu, Japan): small explosive activity

Visual and thermal images of Niigata Yake-Yama on 6 May (t) compared to 15 April (b) (JMA)
A very small (presumably phreatic) eruption took place at the volcano during the past days. Read all
Fri, 6 May 2016, 10:25

Niigata Yake-Yama volcano (Honshu, Japan): seismic unrest

Seismic unrest (1 and 2) and slight inflation (3) at Niigata Yake-Yama (source: JMA)
An increase in small earthquakes has been detected under the volcano located on the border between Niigata and Nagano Prefecture recently. ... Read all
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