Niuafo'ou volcano

Updated: Aug 18, 2022 02:48 GMT - Refresh
Shield volcano 260 m / 853 ft
Tonga, Tonga Islands, -15.6°S / -175.63°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Niuafo'ou volcano eruptions: 1985 
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

Niuafo'ou ("Tin Can Island") is a low, 8-km-wide island that forms the summit of a largely submerged basaltic shield volcano. Niuafo'ou is an isolated volcanic island in the north central Lau Basin about 170 km west of the northern end of the Tofua volcanic arc. The circular island encloses a 5-km-wide caldera that is mostly filled by a lake whose bottom extends to below sea level. The inner walls of the caldera drop sharply to the caldera lake, named Big Lake (or Vai Lahi), which contains several small islands and pyroclastic cones on its NE shore. Historical eruptions, mostly from circumferential fissures on the west-to-south side of the island, have been recorded since 1814 and have often damaged villages on this small ring-shaped island. A major eruption at Niuafo'ou in 1946 forced evacuation of most of its 1200 inhabitants.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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