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Latest news:

ma, 28 sep 2020, 07:15
Depth vs time of recent quakes in Iceland (image: VolcanoDiscovery)
The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) recorded an earthquake with magnitude M 4.8 at 9.1 km depth in Bárðarbunga volcano at 00:06 local time yesterday. Few smaller aftershocks have been detected in the area. Tremor has not shown significant variations. The earthquakes of this magnitude (M 4.8) were detected in April and January this year. Lees alle
Tue, 14 Jul 2020, 08:53
Depth vs time of recent quakes in Iceland (image: Volcano Discovery)
On 13 July at 23:41 local time Icelandic Met Office (IMO) recorded an earthquake with magnitude M 3.0 at 2.4 km depth beneath the SE caldera. In one hour later an earthquake M 3.3 occurred in similar location. Last time an M 3.0 or larger earthquake occurred about a month ago. ... Lees alle
 

Bardarbunga vulkaan

Stratovulkaan approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Central Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 28 Sep 2020 (light to moderate earthquake)
Lava fountains from the Holuhraun fissure eruption August 2014

Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Typical eruption style: Grote uitbundig uitbarstingen, sommige explosieve activiteit.
Bardarbunga vulkaanuitbarstingen: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014-15 (Holuhraun fissure eruption)

Laatste aardbevingen in de omgeving

TijdMag. / DiepteAfstandLocatie
Thu, 19 Nov 2020 (GMT)
19 Nov 2020 04:23:34 GMT
0.6

18 km - More
16 km17.5 km ESE of Bárðarbunga, Iceland
Wed, 18 Nov 2020 (GMT)
18 Nov 2020 22:12:08 GMT
1.2

16 km - More
5 km5.1 km ESE of Bárðarbunga, Iceland
Tue, 17 Nov 2020 (GMT)
17 Nov 2020 07:23:01 GMT
0.8

1.9 km - More
5 km4.1 km N of Bárðarbunga, Iceland
17 Nov 2020 07:23:00 GMT
0.9

1.1 km - More
3 km3.6 km SE of Bárðarbunga, Iceland
Mon, 16 Nov 2020 (GMT)
16 Nov 2020 09:40:55 GMT
1.0

2.2 km - More
3 km3.4 km ESE of Bárðarbunga, Iceland
Bekijk alle recente aardbevingen

Background

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

Bardarbunga Foto's

Fontein van lava en lavastromen van de uitbarsting horizontalis Holuhraun op IJsland, Sep 2014 (Bardarbunga vulkaan) (Photo: Lukas Gawenda)
Fontein van lava en lavastromen van de uitbarsting horizontalis Holuhraun op IJsland, Sep 2014 (Bardarbunga vulkaan) (Photo: Lukas Gawenda)
Meerdere lava fontein uit de Holuhraun horizontalis uitbarsting in IJsland in september 2014 (Bardarbunga vulkaan) (Photo: Lukas Gawenda)
Meerdere lava fontein uit de Holuhraun horizontalis uitbarsting in IJsland in september 2014 (Bardarbunga vulkaan) (Photo: Lukas Gawenda)
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Fissue eruption out of airplane from Bardarbunga eruption in Holuhraun area. (Photo: AndreasIrgang)
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Fissue eruption out of airplane from Bardarbunga eruption in Holuhraun area. (Photo: AndreasIrgang)
Lavafonteinen uit de belangrijkste openingen op de Holuhraun horizontalis uitbarsting (Bardarbunga vulkaan, IJsland) op 13 september 2014 (Photo: MartinHensch)
Lavafonteinen uit de belangrijkste openingen op de Holuhraun horizontalis uitbarsting (Bardarbunga vulkaan, IJsland) op 13 september 2014 (Photo: MartinHensch)
 


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