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Bromo vulkaan
Stratovulkaan 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
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Bromo vulkaanuitbarstingen:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosief. Frequente kleine, freatische uitbarstingen op Bromo sintelkegel op de bodem van de caldera.
Laatste aardbevingen in de omgeving
Meest recente satellietbeelden

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
 

News & activity updates:

Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia): increased unrest

zo, 15 nov 2015, 08:47
08:47 AM | DOOR: T
A phase of increased unrest seems to have started at the volcano. On 1 November, the local volcano observatory issued a warning not to approach Bromo within 1 km radius, as changes in seismic activity and increased steaming/degassing (including sulfur dioxide) had been noted.
The alert status of the volcano remains at 2 ("waspada","watch") on a scale of 1-4.
Vorig nieuws
Wed, 3 Oct 2012, 08:09
Een sterke stijging van vulkanische tremor opgenomen vanmorgen om Bromo vulkaan gevraagd de Indonesische Vulkanologisch Survey om de waarschuwing niveau voor de vulkaan te verhogen van 1 (normaal) tot 2 (onrust) op een schaal van 1-4. Lees alle
Thu, 5 Apr 2012, 10:05
In de afgelopen weken werden alleen witte pluimen zien in Bromo Rosing tot ongeveer 50 m boven de krater en seismische activiteit afgenomen. Op 30 maart heeft de waarschuwingsniveau werd verlaagd naar 1. ... Lees alle
Wed, 16 Feb 2011, 10:09
Typisch voor Bromo bestaande uit sterke as-uitstoot na met korte tussenpozen (Foto: Tom Pfeiffer, 16 feb 2011)
Zoals waargenomen op locatie vandaag, Bromo barst dichte wolken van as, oplopend tot ongeveer 1 km boven de krater, drijven oosten. De emissies fluctueren in intensiteit met fasen van de zwakkere en sterke uitstoot afwisselend ca. om de 20 minuten. De activiteit gaat vaak gepaard met de buurt continue brullende geluiden die lijkt op een sterke branding. Tijdens sterker fasen, luide explosies klinkt gehoord in vele kilometers afstand en schokgolven ratelende ramen in nabijgelegen dorpen begeleiden de uitbarstingen. ... Lees alle
Sat, 12 Feb 2011, 11:02
The VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume from Bromo's eruption rising to 26,000 ft (ca 9 km) drifting 90 nm NW reaching Surabaya. A low-level plume at 10,000 ft (ca. 3 km) is drifting 20 nm SE. ... Lees alle
Thu, 10 Feb 2011, 09:24
Milde explosieve activiteit blijft bij Bromo vulkaan, met een aanhoudende pluim voor ash bereiken van 400-800 m boven de krater en de gloeilamp materiaal zichtbaar in de nacht, volgens lokale nieuwsbronnen. ... Lees alle

Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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