News & activity updates:
Bromo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONTINUOUS VA TO FL100 EXT W OBS VA DTG: 16/2330Z to 10000 ft (3000 m)
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 and is moving at 10 kts in W direction.
The full report is as follows:
FVAU04 at 23:28 UTC, 16/04/19 from ADRM
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/101
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, WEBCAM
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA TO FL100 EXT W
OBS VA DTG: 16/2330Z
OBS VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0755 E11258 - S0755
E11252 - S0752 E11245 - S0757 E11242 - S0801 E11245 - S0759
E11251 MOV W 10KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 17/0530Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0803
E11246 - S0757 E11242 - S0751 E11246 - S0756 E11258
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 17/1130Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0755
E11258 - S0751 E11246 - S0757 E11242 - S0803 E11246
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 17/1730Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0803
E11247 - S0758 E11243 - S0751 E11246 - S0755 E11257
RMK: VA PARTIALLY DISCERNIBLE ON VISIBLE SATELLITE IMAGERY
NEAR SUMMIT AND CONFIRMED ON WEBCAM IMAGERY. HEIGHT/MOVEMENT
BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 IMAGERY, WEBCAM AND MODEL GUIDANCE.
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190417/0530Z
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.