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Fayal vulkaan

stratovolcano, lavadome 1043 m
Azores, Portugal, Azores & Madeira, 38.6°N / -28.83°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Fayal vulkaan boeken | Tours
Last update: 22 Aug 2019
Typical eruption style: Explosieve
Fayal vulkaanuitbarstingen: 1957-58
TijdMag. / DiepteAfstandLocatie
Wed, 2 Oct 2019
Wed, 2 Oct 23:42 UTCM 3.129 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Wed, 25 Sep 2019
Wed, 25 Sep 15:27 UTCM 2.328 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Mon, 16 Sep 2019
Mon, 16 Sep 00:49 UTCM 2.228 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Thu, 5 Sep 2019
Thu, 5 Sep 17:43 UTCM 3.326 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Bekijk alle recente aardbevingen
The island of Fayal, also spelled Faial, is the nearest of the central Azorean islands to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Background:

The island is composed of a complex large andesitic-to-trachytic stratovolcano that contains a 2-km-wide summit caldera. Thick deposits of trachytic airfall pumice, pyroclastic flows, and lahars related to formation of the caldera blanket the island. Formation of the steep-walled 500-m-deep caldera was followed by construction of fissure-fed basaltic lava fields and small volcanoes that form a peninsula extending to the west. This area is covered by the youngest volcanic products on the island and has been the source of all historical eruptions. A dramatic submarine eruption at Capelinhos during 1957-58, the best-studied of historical eruptions in the Azores, created a new island that soon merged with the western peninsula.
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Source: Smithsonian GVP


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