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Kelud vulkaan
Stratovulkaan 1731 m (5,679 ft)
East Java, Indonesia, -7.93°S / 112.31°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
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Kelud vulkaanuitbarstingen:
1500(?), 1548, 1586 ((sub-)Plinian eruption?), 1641 (sub-Plininan eruption?), 1716, 1752, 1756(?), 1771, 1776, 1785, 1811, 1825, 1826, 1835, 1848, 1849(?), 1864, 1901, 1919, 1920, 1951, 1966, 1967, 1990, Oct-Nov 2007, 13 Feb 2014
Typical eruption style:
Ontploffingsgevaar. Lavakoepels, pyroclastische stromen. Aanwezigheid van uitgebreide kratermeer op lage hoogte, genereren van destructieve lahars.
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Kelud volcano news

Kelut volcano (East Java, Indonesia): eruption update - 4 fatalities, new size estimates

Saturday Feb 15, 2014 13:42 PM | DOOR: T

Ash emissions from Kelut yesterday (photo taken from Blitar)
Ash emissions from Kelut yesterday (photo taken from Blitar)
Traces of recorded infrasound waves pointing back to Kelut (CTBTO, facebook.com/CTBTO)
Traces of recorded infrasound waves pointing back to Kelut (CTBTO, facebook.com/CTBTO)
Ash emissions from Kelut yesterday (photo: @hilmi_dzi / Twitter)
Ash emissions from Kelut yesterday (photo: @hilmi_dzi / Twitter)
Additional details and new estimates about the recent explosion are emerging. Unfortunately, a 4th fatality caused by the eruption has now been confirmed by BNPB. All victims were within 7 km of the volcano. More than 100,000 people have been evacuated.
Fast rise of magma?
One of the most remarkable aspects of the eruption was how quickly it built up, suggesting a very fast rise of magma occurred in the hours before the explosion. VSI mentioned that there were only 2 hours between the appearance of shallow earthquakes (the typical immediate precursors) and the onset of the eruption itself. With such little warning time, it was difficult to implement an effective evacuation, but still, one should recognize that Indonesian authorities have done a marvelous job. Still, it is a small wonder that there were not many more fatalities. Most of this is to be attributed to the fact, that the eruption seems not to have produced any or at least no larger pyroclastic flows (which in itself is also a small wonder).

New estimates of the size of the eruption
The latest estimates of the erupted tephra volume are in the range of 120-140 million m3, which puts the explosion into the subplinian category with a low 4 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index scale (VEI). The plume seems to have reached up to 20 km altitude, analysis of satellite data suggest. These values put the eruption to be the largest in recent years, since the 2010 eruption of Puyehue-Cordon Caulle in Chile.
The explosion produced also one of the largest-ever recorded volcano-related infrasound waves. The pressure waves were picked up by stations all over the world, the furthest one being IS53 in Fairbanks, Alaska at >11.000 km or >6.800 mls, and the calculated traces point all into the direction of Kelut.
Vorig nieuws
The ash plume of Kelut over the Indian Ocean (NASA earth observatory)
Friday, Feb 14, 2014
Ash from the eruption is still drifting over the eastern Indian Ocean. More than 100,000 people have reportedly evacuated areas close to the volcano. Heavy ash fall occurred in vast areas of Java. A preliminary judgement of the erupted ash suggests that the explosion was a magmatic event, i.e. triggered by a new bash of fresh magma that seems to have risen very quickly to the surface: ... [meer...]
De uitbarsting van Kelut gisteravond (beeld: pic.twitter.com/ypy7kx9615 / @hilmi_dzi)
Friday, Feb 14, 2014
BNPB (civiele bescherming) bevestigd 3 doden (direct of indirect) veroorzaakt door de uitbarsting: twee ten gevolge van ademhalingsproblemen veroorzaakt door de as, als een auto-ongeluk tijdens de evacuatie. Alle slachtoffers waren in Pandasari dorp van minder dan 7 km van de vulkaan waar 20 cm voor ash is gedaald. ... [meer...]
The eruption column with intense volcanic lightning (@soranibrahim7, pic.twitter.com/11kGP8V0k4)
Friday, Feb 14, 2014
De ash plume van gisteravond grote uitbarsting (eventueel sub-Pliniaanse of zelfs Pliniaanse in grootte) van Kelut is snel drijven naar het westen boven de Indische Oceaan. Het is naar schatting oplopen tot 55.000 ft (16 km) en strekt zich uit van enkele honderden kilometers in zowel N-S en W-E richtingen. ... [meer...]
De uitbarstingskolom van Kelut met lightning (foto: @RagaRikardhanu / Twitter)
Thursday, Feb 13, 2014
Het lijkt erop dat een grote uitbarsting begon op de vulkaan om 23:29 lokale tijd vandaag. VAAC Darwin meldt dat een ash plume tot 45.000 ft (15 km) hoogte is 50 zeemijl drijven naar het westen van de vulkaan. De waarschuwing status werd verhoogd tot het hoogste niveau. ... [meer...]
Seismic activity at Kelut volcano during the past weeks (VSI)
Tuesday, Feb 11, 2014
VSI verhoogd de alert status naar de tweede hoogste niveau 3 (uit 4), "Siaga" (betekenis uitbarsting waarschuwing). In haar laatste verslag VSI informeert dat een aanhoudende lichte vervorming, suggereren magma inbraak, sinds September is vastgesteld en dat een sterke stijging in seismische activiteit begon op 7 februari. Er is een seismische zwerm opgetreden met hypocenters tussen 1,5-3.5 km diepte onder de top gebied. ... [meer...]

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