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Volcanic activity worldwide 6 Jan 2014: Raung, Sinabung, Nishino-shima, Shiveluch, Cleveland, Sakura...

Monday Jan 06, 2014 14:47 PM |

Glow from Shiveluch's lava dome at night (KVERT webcam)
Glow from Shiveluch's lava dome at night (KVERT webcam)
Comparison of Nishino-shima between 28 Dec and 6 Jan (Japanese Coast Guard)
Comparison of Nishino-shima between 28 Dec and 6 Jan (Japanese Coast Guard)
Sakurajima venting ash yesterday (Tarumizu webcam)
Sakurajima venting ash yesterday (Tarumizu webcam)
Glow from the crater area of Suwanose-jima
Glow from the crater area of Suwanose-jima
The flat, cake-like lava dome of Sinabung (Photo: Sutopo Purwo Nugroho/BNPB)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): The volcano continues to extrude a viscous lava dome on the NW part of the older dome. Glow from the dome and hot rockfalls can be seen at night. Small to moderate ash explosions likely accompany this activity but are often undetected due to frequent cloud cover.

Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): The new island that had "touched" Nishino-Shima has continued to grow and the two islands form now a coherent single one, with a interesting "butterfly" shape. This might of course change quickly again as well. There are now no traces left of the beach and the little colored lake that existed a week ago when the two islands started to merge.
The image shows a comparison of two aerial photographs taken on 28 Dec and 6 Jan by the Japanese Coast Guard.
Most of the island's growth during the past days was by lava flows that formed and enlarged the lava delta to the SW, the currently lowest-lying area (which is the most natural place for new lava flows to head to). It can also be seen that the two vents first observed on 26 Dec are still active. At the moment, it is unclear whether strombolian activity is still occurring, but this seems likely.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): No significant discrete explosions have been reported since 26 Dec, which is one of the longest periods without vulcanian explosions in recent years.
The volcano, however, is still erupting. It produces low-level ash plumes, in an often near-continuous fashion. This could suggest that the conduit is currently relatively open and allows magma to rise and degas efficiently without building up large pressure, during deep-seated strombolian activity (webcam images show no or very little glowing material reaching the rim of Showa crater).

Suwanose-jima (Tokara Islands, Japan): Intense (likely strombolian) activity continues at the remote volcano in Japan's Tokara islands.


Raung (East Java): VSI raised the alert status from 1 (normal) to 2 ("Waspada", "watch") yesterday. The decision followed an increase in degassing as well as detected earthquakes and volcanic tremor observed during the past days.
The last confirmed eruptive activity of the volcano (which is one of Java's most active ones) was a phase of strombolian eruptions from the central crater during the past summer.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): Activity has remained high, with reported 60 explosions/pyroclastic flows today, according to Karo News. The size of the flows continues to increase gradually and approaches 5 km distance.
The largest pyroclastic flow day today at 16:49 p.m. (local time) reached 4.5 km and seems to have involved the whole southeastern slope.
... [read more]

Cleveland (Aleutian Islands, Alaska): Although no new eruptions were detected during the past days, the volcano remains at orange alert, as new explosions (potentially dangerous for aviation) could occur with little warning (in particular because there is no monitoring on the remote island).

Volcano Activity Summary for 6 Jan 2014:

Currently erupting:

Ambrym (Vanuatu): active lava lakes in several craters (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): ash explosions (updated 10 Dec 2013)
Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): strombolian explosions, ash plumes up to 500 m, extrusion of a small lava dome with rockfalls (updated 6 Nov 2013)
Colima (Western Mexico): explosions and lava flows (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Dukono (Halmahera): thermal anomaly, probably small explosive activity in summit crater (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Erebus (Antarctica): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 21 Jan 2012)
Erta Ale (Ethiopia): active lava lake in northern pit crater, active hornito with intermittend flow in southern crater (updated 11 Jan 2013)
Etna (Sicily, Italy): degassing, seismic unrest (updated 29 Dec 2013)
Fuego (Guatemala): strombolian explosions (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): growing lava dome, seismic unrest (updated 23 Oct 2013)
Karymsky (Kamchatka): occasional small explosions, thermal anomaly (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Kilauea (Hawai'i): lava lakes in Halemau'uma'u and Pu'u 'O'o, lava flows on coastal flat and weakly active ocean entries (updated 13 Aug 2013)
Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): lava effusion enlarging the new island (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 12 Jun 2013)
Ol Doinyo Lengai (Tanzania): effusion of natrocarbonatite lava inside the crater (updated 8 Jul 2013)
Pacaya (Guatemala): strombolian activity and lava flow (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Reventador (Ecuador): ash explosions, occasional pyroclastic flows (updated 14 Nov 2013)
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): ash venting, intermittent explosions (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala): lava flow on south flank of dome becomes more active (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): growing lava dome, ash venting and small to moderate explosions (updated 18 Oct 2013)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): growing lava dome, incandescent avalanches, occasional explosions (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): growing lava dome, pyroclastic flows, occasional explosions (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): continuing lava overflows (updated 3 Nov 2013)
Suwanose-jima (Tokara Islands, Japan): strombolian to weak vulcanian explosions (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): ash emissions, weak strombolian explosions (updated 20 Nov 2013)
Zhupanovsky (Kamchatka, Russia): new explosive activity since 23 Oct (updated 6 Nov 2013)

Eruption warning / minor activity:

Barren Island (Indian Ocean): lava flows (?) (updated 23 Dec 2013)
Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): steaming, degassing (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Chaitén (Southern Chile and Argentina): degassing, possible renewed slow growth of lava dome (updated 24 Dec 2013)
Chirinkotan (Northern Kuriles): unspecified activity - possibly lava flows (updated 22 Nov 2013)
Cleveland (Aleutian Islands, Alaska): sporadic small (phreatic?) explosions (updated 6 Jan 2014)
Copahue (Chile/Argentina): ash venting (updated 16 Nov 2013)
Dieng (Central Java): increased degassing (updated 28 Mar 2013)
Galeras (Colombia): sporadic ash emissions (updated 18 Dec 2013)
Heard (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean): likely lava lake in summit crater (updated 23 Dec 2013)
Iliwerung (Lesser Sunda Islands): possible submarine eruption from Mt Hobal on 20 August (updated 20 Aug 2013)
Jebel Zubair (Red Sea): no signs of activity after 24 Nov 2013 (updated 26 Nov 2013)
Karangetang (Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, Indonesia): lava extrusion at summit crater, strombolian activity, glowing avalanches (updated 4 Sep 2013)
Ketoi (Kurile Islands, Russia)
Kirishima (Kyushu): degassing, slightly increased seismic activity (updated 30 Jul 2012)
Kizimen (Kamchatka): degassing (updated 27 Dec 2013)
Langila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): occasional ash explosions (updated 22 Nov 2013)
Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): small explosions, lava flow? (updated 24 Sep 2013)
Manam (Papua New Guinea): degassing, occasional ash venting (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Marapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia): occasional ash explosions (updated 9 Dec 2013)
Merapi (Central Java): sporadic phreatic explosions (updated 12 Dec 2013)
Paluweh (off Flores Island, Indonesia): active growing lava dome (updated 27 Dec 2013)
Papandayan (West Java): strong hydrothermal activity, increased seismicity (updated 6 May 2013)
Poas (Costa Rica): occasional small phreatic explosions from lake (updated 22 Aug 2013)
Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): steam/gas/ash emissions (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): weak ash explosions (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Raung (East Java): strombolian activity in summit crater (updated 6 Jan 2014)
San Miguel (El Salvador): new eruption on 29 Dec 2013 (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Tangkubanparahu (West Java): occasional phreatic explosions (updated 15 Oct 2013)
Turrialba (Costa Rica): ash venting, strong degassing (updated 24 Jul 2013)
Ulawun (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): degassing, ash venting (updated 5 Dec 2013)

Vorig nieuws
Map of yesterday's earthquakes at El Hierro
Sunday, Jan 05, 2014
El Hierro (Canary Islands, Spain): The island has remained calm with not much signs of volcanic unrest. Two small earthquakes (magnitudes 2.8 and 1.7) occurred at approx 10 km depth east of La Restinga yesterday, but so far, there have not been new ones since. ... [meer...]
Ash emission from Etna's NE crater this morning
Saturday, Jan 04, 2014
Etna (Sicily, Italy): Again few days after the end of the last paroxysm at the New SE crater, weak ash emissions have started to occur from the North-East crater over night or this morning. Tremor is low. ... [meer...]
Eruption from Sinabung this morning (VSI webcam)
Friday, Jan 03, 2014
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): More explosions (and probably pyroclastic flows) occurred this morning. An ash plume rose to estimated 24,000 ft (7.3 km) altitude. ... [meer...]
Glow from Shiveluch's active lava dome this evening (KVERT webcam)
Thursday, Jan 02, 2014
The new year begins with intense and dangerous activity in Indonesia: ... [meer...]
view of Etna this morning from Catania
Wednesday, Jan 01, 2014
Etna (Sicily, Italy): For the first day of the year, Etna is wearing a beautiful snow dress. ... [meer...]

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