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Panarea volcano

Updated: Sep 30, 2022 17:15 GMT -
Stratovolcano(es) 399 m / 1309 ft
Eolian Islands, Italy, 38.64°N / 15.06°E
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)
Last update: 22 Feb 2020 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Panarea, the smallest island in the Aeolian Archipelago, lies on the western side of a shallow platform whose shelf margin is at about 130 m depth. It was one of the first volcanoes of the Eolian Islands to form, but might have been active until 10-20,000 years ago.
A series of small islands breach the surface to form the Central Reefs, the rim of a crater 2 km E of Panarea, whose shallow submerged floor contains Roman ruins.

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Panarea volcano eruptions: approx. 20,000 years ago, possibly younger

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Monday, September 26, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Sep 26, 2022 11:15 am (GMT +2) (Sep 26, 2022 09:15 GMT)

136 km
36 km (22 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 31 km northwest of Messine, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Sep 26, 2022 11:15 am (GMT +2) (Sep 26, 2022 09:15 GMT)

136 km
36 km (22 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 31 km northwest of Messine, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy


The mostly submerged Panarea volcanic complex lies about midway between Stromboli and Lipari in the eastern part of the Aeolian Islands.
The submerged Secca dei Pesci lava dome lies at the SE end of the platform, and the rhyolitic Basiluzzo lava dome rises 165 m above the surface at the NE end, along a ridge trending towards Stromboli volcano. The complex was constructed in two main stages: an initial effusive activity phase that produced lava domes, and an explosive stage. The youngest subaerial airfall-tephra deposits are dated to about 20,000 years ago; a date of less then 10,000 BP on a lava flow is uncertain. Vigorous hydrothermal activity has continued at fumarolic fields at several locations on the submerged platform; submarine hydrothermal explosions have occurred in historical time.

This volcano is located within the Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands), a UNESCO World Heritage property.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Panarea Photos

2002 underwater hydrothermal activity
On 4 November 2002, underwater gas vents became more active or appeared in the sea near Panarea island, most notably just off the islet of Lisca Bianca about 2 km E of Panarea.
Strong bubbling and a strong sulfur smell were noted and continue until present day.
Micro-telluric tremor was detected as well.
The submarine hydrothermal activity killed hundreds of fish. The temperature of the water in the area was not very high (~25°C).

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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