Panarea volcano

Stratovolcano(es) 399 m / 1309 ft
Eolian Islands, Italy, 38.64°N / 15.06°E
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)

Panarea, the smallest island in the Aeolian Archipelago, lies on the western side of a shallow platform whose shelf margin is at about 130 m depth. It was one of the first volcanoes of the Eolian Islands to form, but might have been active until 10-20,000 years ago.
A series of small islands breach the surface to form the Central Reefs, the rim of a crater 2 km E of Panarea, whose shallow submerged floor contains Roman ruins.

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Panarea volcano eruptions: approx. 20,000 years ago, possibly younger

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Saturday, September 18, 2021 04:08 GMT (1 earthquake)
Sep 18, 2021 6:08 am (GMT +2) (Sep 18, 2021 04:08 GMT)
2.4

195 km
16 km (9.9 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 16 km east of Panarea Island, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Thursday, September 16, 2021 21:25 GMT (1 earthquake)
Sep 16, 2021 11:25 pm (GMT +2) (Sep 16, 2021 21:25 GMT)
2.3

133 km
43 km (27 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 36 km north of Mesina, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Wednesday, September 15, 2021 14:35 GMT (1 earthquake)
Sep 15, 2021 4:35 pm (GMT +2) (Sep 15, 2021 14:35 GMT)
3.1

117 km
48 km (30 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 37 km west of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Italy
Wednesday, September 8, 2021 19:28 GMT (2 earthquakes)
Sep 8, 2021 9:28 pm (GMT +2) (Sep 8, 2021 19:28 GMT)
2.3

166 km
41 km (25 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 32 km north of Mesina, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Sep 8, 2021 3:53 am (GMT +2) (Sep 8, 2021 01:53 GMT)
2.2

15 km
34 km (21 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 18 km northwest of Salina Island, Sicily, Italy

Background

The mostly submerged Panarea volcanic complex lies about midway between Stromboli and Lipari in the eastern part of the Aeolian Islands.
The submerged Secca dei Pesci lava dome lies at the SE end of the platform, and the rhyolitic Basiluzzo lava dome rises 165 m above the surface at the NE end, along a ridge trending towards Stromboli volcano. The complex was constructed in two main stages: an initial effusive activity phase that produced lava domes, and an explosive stage. The youngest subaerial airfall-tephra deposits are dated to about 20,000 years ago; a date of less then 10,000 BP on a lava flow is uncertain. Vigorous hydrothermal activity has continued at fumarolic fields at several locations on the submerged platform; submarine hydrothermal explosions have occurred in historical time.

This volcano is located within the Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands), a UNESCO World Heritage property.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Panarea Photos

Submarine fumaroles near Lisca Bianca (Panarea) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Submarine fumaroles near Lisca Bianca (Panarea) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Pebbes at the magnificient Cala Junco beach on Panarea (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Pebbes at the magnificient Cala Junco beach on Panarea (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Submarine fumaroles near Lisca Bianca (Panarea Island) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Submarine fumaroles near Lisca Bianca (Panarea Island) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Stromboli is seen in the background behind the small uninhabited islands of Dattilo and Basiluzzo near Panarea. (c)
Stromboli is seen in the background behind the small uninhabited islands of Dattilo and Basiluzzo near Panarea. (c)
 


2002 underwater hydrothermal activity
On 4 November 2002, underwater gas vents became more active or appeared in the sea near Panarea island, most notably just off the islet of Lisca Bianca about 2 km E of Panarea.
Strong bubbling and a strong sulfur smell were noted and continue until present day.
Micro-telluric tremor was detected as well.
The submarine hydrothermal activity killed hundreds of fish. The temperature of the water in the area was not very high (~25°C).

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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