Penanggungan volcano

Updated: Jul 6, 2022 07:29 GMT - Refresh
stratovolcano 1653 m / 5,423 ft
East Java (Indonesia), -7.72°S / 112.63°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Gunung Penanggungan is a small dormant stratovolcano dominating the view from the North coast in the Surabaya area. It is immediately to the north of the higher and more active Arjuno-Welirang twin volcano.
Penanggungan is one of Java's most revered mountains: Ancient Javanese saw in Penanggungan a reflection of the sacred Mahameru of Hindu mythology. There are more than 81 archaeological sites on the mountain, mostly on its northern and western flanks. Ruins of sanctuaries, monuments, and sacred bathing sites of the Hindu period were found, spanning more than 5 centuries from A.D. 977 until 1511.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Penanggungan volcano eruptions: possible eruption around 200 AD
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

Lava flows from flank vents descend all sides of the 1653-m-high volcano and pyroclastic-flow deposits form an apron around it. Penanggungan volcano has been mapped as similar in age to Arjuno-Welirang and Semeru volcanoes. For at least 1000 years, there has been no eruption from Penanggungan volcano. Its last eruption was probably around 200 AD, although the eruption is listed as uncertain by the Global Volcanism Program (GVP).

Penanggungan Photos

On the dam surrounding the mud vent. Penanggungan volcano in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
On the dam surrounding the mud vent. Penanggungan volcano in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Penanggungan volcano seen from the rim of the Tengger caldera (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
Penanggungan volcano seen from the rim of the Tengger caldera (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
A dam is protecting an island of the original lower area to the right, where one of the last remaining factories of the area are left. Penanggungan volcano in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A dam is protecting an island of the original lower area to the right, where one of the last remaining factories of the area are left. Penanggungan volcano in the backgro...
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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