Illustrated Volcano Glossary
Updated: Jul 3, 2022 16:54 GMT - Refresh
- VolcanologyLarge crater, usually several kilometers across, formed by the collapse of the roof of a magma chamber emptied by large explosive eruptions.A caldera is a large, usually circular depression at the summit of a volcano formed when magma is withdrawn or erupted from a shallow underground magma reservoir. The removal of large volumes of magma may result in loss of structural support for the overlying rock, thereby leading to collapse of the ground and formation of a large depression. Calderas are different from craters, which are smaller,... Read all
- VolcanologyA depression often on the top or the flanks of a volcano usually created by explosions of lava from the vent.