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Illustrated Volcano Glossary

magma

Volcanology
Molten rock within a volcano or underneath the earth's surface. Once magma reaches the surface it is called lava.

Related keywords (2):

explosive - lave

mud volcano

Volcanology
Sidoarjo mud volcano (East Java)
Sidoarjo mud volcano (East Java)
Mud volcanoes are no true volcanoes, but vents that erupt mud, as fine sediemtn is squeezed upwards by prezzurized water, steam and gas escaping from deeper deposits.
A mud volcano is a vent on the surface erupting mud and gas or steam, but no lava. Mud volcanoes are usually not the result of volcanic processes, but more generally related to environments where pressurized deposits at depth occur that release gas and steam, which mixes with fine-grained sediments to form mud. Temperatures are much cooler than at volcanic processes. The largest structures are 10 ... -> See whole entry

Related keywords (1):

Sidoarjo

 

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