Get our newsletter!
Check out our volcano tours on VolcanoAdventures.com!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Guaranteed tours
10-18 Oct 2020: From Stromboli to Etna - Sicila and Eolian Islands (Italy)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out

Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia), Feb 2011: strombolian activity

Most of the material ejected during its ongoing eruption is ash and blocks from the crater and conduit walls. Incandescent material (i.e. fresh magma) was first observed at Bromo in Dec 2010. Mild strombolian activity was visible at night during our tour from 15-19 Feb, usually accomanied by hissing and soft explosion sounds. At least two different vents were active inside Bromo's crater. Most of the strombolian activity took place from the vent in the W half (right in the pictures) of the crater, while a vent in the eastern half (left) was the principal site of ash emissions and occasional powerful explosions accompanied by loud detonations and shock waves rattling windows in up to several kilometer distance.
A powerful vulcanian-type explosion shakes the ground. Many incandescent bombs are thrown many hundreds of meters into the night sky, and many of them land outside the crater. Note, that most blocks are actually NOT glowing, making a further approach to Bromo quite dangerous. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A powerful vulcanian-type explosion shakes the ground. Many incandescent bombs are thrown many hundr... [info]
(7489 Hits)
Bromo and the Hindu temple at its feet in a moonlit night. Jorge has his camera set up for the next eruption. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Bromo and the Hindu temple at its feet in a moonlit night. Jorge has his camera set up for the next ... [info]
(2273 Hits)
Another powerful explosion throws a barrage of bombs onto the outer flanks of the cone. Only few of the ejected blocks are actually glowing. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Another powerful explosion throws a barrage of bombs onto the outer flanks of the cone. Only few of ... [info]
(3964 Hits)
Dense ash clouds are produced by vulcanian-type explosions. In this long exposure night time shot, the ash cloud is blurred against the moon-lit landscape. Bromo's Hindu temple in the foreground. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Dense ash clouds are produced by vulcanian-type explosions. In this long exposure night time shot, t... [info]
(4890 Hits)
Mild strombolian activity at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Mild strombolian activity at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(1987 Hits)
View onto Bromo crater with a strong strombolian eruption in bright moonlight. The ash, blurred in the long exposure, hides many blocks. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View onto Bromo crater with a strong strombolian eruption in bright moonlight. The ash, blurred in t... [info]
(4480 Hits)
The glowing vent(s) illuminate the diffuse steam and ash plume above Bromo's crater bright red at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The glowing vent(s) illuminate the diffuse steam and ash plume above Bromo's crater bright red at ni... [info]
(4251 Hits)
Mild strombolian activity at Bromo's western vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Mild strombolian activity at Bromo's western vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(3032 Hits)
Panoramic view over Bromo volcano in strombolian activity at night. The ash plume is drifting eastwards. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Panoramic view over Bromo volcano in strombolian activity at night. The ash plume is drifting eastwa... [info]
(3420 Hits)
The Hindu temple at the foot of Bromo volcano, East Java, Indonesia (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The Hindu temple at the foot of Bromo volcano, East Java, Indonesia (Photo: Jorge Santos) [info]
(2321 Hits)
Eruption of Bromo volcano behind the Hindu temple (Photo: Jorge Santos)
Eruption of Bromo volcano behind the Hindu temple (Photo: Jorge Santos) [info]
(2138 Hits)
The glowing crater of Bromo seen from the hotel on the caldera rim, ca. 2 km distance, at night (18 Feb. 2011). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The glowing crater of Bromo seen from the hotel on the caldera rim, ca. 2 km distance, at night (18 ... [info]
(2681 Hits)

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

 
Why is there advertising on this site?
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.