Kilauea volcano (Hawaii): ocean entry at night and dawn (March 2017)

Images taken during boat trips early dawn on 15 and 17 March 2017. The fire hose was strongest on the first day, but increased a lot again on 18 March, before stopping and turning into a lava fall a few days later.
Early dawn at the Kamokuna ocean entry (15 Mar 2017) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Early dawn at the Kamokuna ocean entry (15 Mar 2017) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The fire hose is going strong, forming an arched jet of molten gold pouring into the sea. The water is red with reflection. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The fire hose is going strong, forming an arched jet of molten gold pouring into the sea. The water ... [info]
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Chaotic red steam clouds hide the view most of the time. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Chaotic red steam clouds hide the view most of the time. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The same scene 2 days later (17 Mar) at about the same time in the early morning; the fire hose is still there, but weaker. Its intensity fluctuates considerably as we observed it during a week. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The same scene 2 days later (17 Mar) at about the same time in the early morning; the fire hose is s... [info]
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Littoral explosion seen from the sea (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Littoral explosion seen from the sea (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Still glowing lava fragments are thrown out of the sea. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Still glowing lava fragments are thrown out of the sea. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The fire hose diving into the sea which reacts with explosions, sometimes reminding the shape of a tornado touching land. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The fire hose diving into the sea which reacts with explosions, sometimes reminding the shape of a t... [info]
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Even at dawn using short exposures, the lava of the fire hose appears almost white. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Even at dawn using short exposures, the lava of the fire hose appears almost white. (Photo: Tom Pfei... [info]
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Zoom onto the mouth of the fire hose - the cut-off end of the lava tube in the upper cliff. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Zoom onto the mouth of the fire hose - the cut-off end of the lava tube in the upper cliff. (Photo: ... [info]
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The trajectory of the fire hose is a gently curved perfect steep parabola following the laws of ballistic trajectories. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The trajectory of the fire hose is a gently curved perfect steep parabola following the laws of ball... [info]
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Even though it is already dawn and light for the eye to see, the glow of the lava eclipses everything in pictures, and illuminates the sea cliff. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Even though it is already dawn and light for the eye to see, the glow of the lava eclipses everythin... [info]
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Silhouette of the Lavaone cruise ship. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Silhouette of the Lavaone cruise ship. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Moderately strong explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Moderately strong explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Explosion and the lava hose behind (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Explosion and the lava hose behind (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Zoom onto an explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Zoom onto an explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Falling lava (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Falling lava (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Star-shaped explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Star-shaped explosion (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Explosion with red steam trails behind lava fragments (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Explosion with red steam trails behind lava fragments (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Larger, bizarrely shaped lava fragments about to fall back into the water (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Larger, bizarrely shaped lava fragments about to fall back into the water (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Strong littoral explosion reaching the height of the cliff (about 20 meters). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strong littoral explosion reaching the height of the cliff (about 20 meters). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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As dawn progresses, the cliff and the sky behind become more visible, and colors change. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
As dawn progresses, the cliff and the sky behind become more visible, and colors change. (Photo: Tom... [info]
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We're not alone. A larger group of tourists has flocked to the scene from land as well. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
We're not alone. A larger group of tourists has flocked to the scene from land as well. (Photo: Tom ... [info]
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The contrast between the lava hose and the brightening sky is still far too large for a digital camera. The lava appears white. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The contrast between the lava hose and the brightening sky is still far too large for a digital came... [info]
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Explosion with glowing lava bombs. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Explosion with glowing lava bombs. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The golden fire hose and its reflection on the water (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The golden fire hose and its reflection on the water (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Most of the time, explosions are near-continuous. Lava bombs from a previous one are still falling while another sheet-shaped wall of steam and glowing fragments rise in front of the hose. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Most of the time, explosions are near-continuous. Lava bombs from a previous one are still falling w... [info]
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Our friends Ikaika and Andrew on their boat in front of us. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Our friends Ikaika and Andrew on their boat in front of us. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The cliff around the lava hose is strongly undercut, probably as increased erosion takes place due to the violent explosions occurring here all the time. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The cliff around the lava hose is strongly undercut, probably as increased erosion takes place due t... [info]
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Ikaika and Andrew know what they're doing... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Ikaika and Andrew know what they're doing... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The boat is actually safe during these explosions. The distance seems closer in the picture than it is. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The boat is actually safe during these explosions. The distance seems closer in the picture than it ... [info]
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Day has broken - around 6am - people on board the packed cruise liner and the small group on Ikaika and Andrew's boat, and a few others, enjoy a great view. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Day has broken - around 6am - people on board the packed cruise liner and the small group on Ikaika ... [info]
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The still almost full moon is soon going to set behind the cliff as we leave. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The still almost full moon is soon going to set behind the cliff as we leave. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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