Get our newsletter!
Check out our volcano tours on VolcanoAdventures.com!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - app for iPhone & iPad

Guaranteed tours:
2-18 Nov 2019: Volcanoes and Spices - N-Sulawesi + Halmahera (Indonesia)
17-21 Nov 2019: Krakatau Volcano Special - Krakatau volcano (Indonesia)
17-30 Nov 2019: Desert, salt and volcanoes - Danakil desert (Ethiopia)
9-17 May 2020: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
Random pictures
Latest news:
Friday, Aug 16, 2019
The eruption paused again or ended last night at about 22:00 local time, following a period of 6 hours with pulsating gas emissions. ... [more]
Lava flows from the active vent of Piton de la Fournaise volcano last night (image: OVPF)
Thursday, Aug 15, 2019
Early this morning, the eruption, which had started on 11 Aug, paused for a bit more than 4 hours and then resumed again at 08:30 local time. ... [more]

Location of Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean and its volcanoes (red triangles)
Location of Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean and its volcanoes (red triangles)

 

Piton de la Fournaise volcano

Shield volcano 2631 m (8,632 ft)
La Réunion, -21.24°S / 55.71°E
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Piton de la Fournaise webcams / live data | Reports
Piton de la Fournaise volcano books | Tours
Last update: 16 Aug 2019 (recent eruption ends or pauses 15 Aug 2019 evening)
Typical eruption style: Effusive
Piton de la Fournaise volcano eruptions: 1900, 1901, 1901, 1902, 1903(?), 1904, 1905, 1907, 1908(?), 1909, 1910, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1924, 1925-26, 1926-27, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933-34, 1935(?), 1936, 1937, 1938, 1938-39, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947(?), 1948, 1948(?), 1950, 1951(?), 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955-57, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1964-65, 1966, 1972, 1973, 1973, 1975-76, 1976, 1977, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983-84, 1985-88, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000 (Feb-March), 2001 (March-April), 2001 (June-July), 2002 (Jan.), 2002 (Nov-Dec), 2003 (May) - 2004 (Jan), 2004 (May), 2004 (Aug-Oct), 2005 (Feb-March), 2005 (Oct), 2005 (Nov), 2005 (Dec)-2006 (Jan), 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 (Oct), 2010 (Dec), 2014 (June), 2015 (Feb), 2015 (May), 2015 (Aug-Oct), 2016 (May, Sep), 2017 (Jan-Mar), 2018 (Apr, 2x), 2018 (Sep), 2019 (Feb, June, July, Aug) Piton de la Fournaise erupting in 2010 (Photo: Sylvie and Philippe CHOUKROUN)No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Piton de la Fournaise, a typical basaltic shield volcano, located on the French island La Réunion, is one of the world's most active and productive volcanoes. It is in a phase of frequent but short-lived eruptions that start with lava fountains and produce large lava flows. Since the active areas of the volcano are not inhabited, its eruptions pose little danger and cause little damage.

Background:

Piton de la Fournaise is a typical example of a hot-spot volcano. The volcano is about 530,000 years old and during much of this time, its activity overlapped with eruptions of its older neighbor, the deeply dissected Piton des Neiges shield volcano to the NW.

Three calderas formed at about 250,000, 65,000, and less than 5000 years ago by progressive eastward slumping of the volcano. Numerous pyroclastic cones dot the floor of the calderas and their outer flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from the summit and flanks of Dolomieu, a 400-m-high lava shield that has grown within the youngest caldera called the Enclos, which is 8 km wide and breached to below sea level on the eastern side. More than 150 eruptions, most of which have produced fluid basaltic lava flows, have occurred since the 17th century. Only six eruptions, in 1708, 1774, 1776, 1800, 1977, and 1986, have originated from fissures on the outer flanks of the caldera. The Piton de la Fournaise Volcano Observatory, one of several operated by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, monitors this very active volcano.

---
Source: adapted from GVP/Smithsonian Institution

Piton de la Fournaise Photos:




Latest satellite images

On the flanks of Dolomieu crater, small spatter cones from recent eruptions dot the area
On the flanks of Dolomieu crater, small spatter cones from recent eruptions dot the area

 

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.