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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
Last earthquakes nearby
Popocatépetl volcano tours
Popocatépetl Volcano Special (tour to see the ongoing eruption of Mexico's most active volcano)

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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popcatepetl volcano (Mexico), activity update: increased activity

Thursday Dec 06, 2007 12:58 PM |

In the recent days, Popocatepetl has been more active than usual. On 1 December, a larger explosion occurred and produced ash plume that rose to an altitude of 7.4 km (24,300 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N and then NE. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind. Based satellite observations from the Washington VAAC, the ash plume rose to an altitude of 9.1 km (30,000 ft) a.s.l.
Previous news
Thursday, Apr 05, 2007

Occasional ash eruptions continue at Popocatepetl volcano. On 1st of April, Popo produced an eruption plume that rose to an altitude of 7.6 km (25,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE.

... [more]
Saturday, Dec 30, 2006

An eruption plume from Popocatépetl rose to an altitude of 7.9 km (26,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E on 20 December, 2006.

... [more]
Saturday, Jul 29, 2006

Popocatepetl had a strong explosion on 25 July at 09h50 local time, producing an ash and gas plume of  5 km height above the crater. The eruption lasted 1 and a half minute and was accompanied by high-frequency tremor. It is believed that the explosion was caused by interaction of water from the recent heavy rains with the hot lava dome inside the crater.

... [more]
Friday, Mar 03, 2006

During the past weeks, occasional and small steam-and-gas emissions continued at Popocatépetl. Airphotos taken on 10 February showed a 130-m-diameter lava dome at the bottom of the crater.

[more]
Monday, Feb 13, 2006

Popo remains much unchanged; small steam and gas emissions, some producing minor ash plumes, averaging in number 5-10 per day are being observed by CENAPRED. A new lava dome is probably continuing to grow slowly inside its crater; it had last been observed in mid November last year.

[more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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