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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatepetl volcano (Central Mexico) activity update: increasing exlosions

Friday Oct 05, 2012 10:05 AM | BY: T

Night time glow at Popocatépetl
Night time glow at Popocatépetl
Ash eruption yesterday at 14:24 local time
Ash eruption yesterday at 14:24 local time
During the last 24 h (4-5 Oct), the monitoring system of the Popocatepetl volcano registered 32 low-intensity exhalations accompanied by emissions of steam and gas and with slight amounts of ash. Yesterday at 11:24 h, 14:27 h, 15:28 h and 17:57 h local time, there were explosions with ash plumes that reached a height of 1 km above the crater and drifted NW and SW.
During the night glow was observed above the crater of the volcano.
In the early hours of today (03:49 h) there was an explosive emission of steam and ash that reached a height of about 2 km above the crater. At 08:03 this morning (local time) another explosionproduced as small ash plume drifting SW.
So far there have been no reports of ash fall in nearby areas around the volcano.
Previous news
Small blast last night from Popo
Thursday, Oct 04, 2012
During the last 24 h, CENAPRED recorded 12 low-intensity explosions mainly of steam and gas. ... [more]
Popocatépetl with crater glow this morning seen from the south
Thursday, Oct 04, 2012
Only 7 weak explosions were recorded between 2 Oct and yesterday. Glow is still visible at night. [more]
Wednesday, Oct 03, 2012
During the last 24 h between 1-2 Oct, 26 low-intensity exhalations accompanied by emissions of steam and gas were detected, a number more than double compared to the previous day. The most important occurred at 04:05 and 4:28 h local times. On 1 Oct, a shallow volcanic earthquake of magnitude 1.5 occurred at 13:54 h. Additionally, there have been various pulses of low amplitude harmonic tremor that have added up to a total of 1 h 45 min. (CENAPRED) [more]
SO2 plume from Popocatépetl on October 1, 2012 (NOAA)
Tuesday, Oct 02, 2012
During the last 24 h (before 11 am local time 1 Oct), CENAPRED recorded 9 low-intensity exhalations accompanied by emissions of steam and gas. The most important occurred at 15:49 h in the afternoon yesterday and this morning at 05:19 h (local times). ... [more]
Monday, Oct 01, 2012
About 1 weak explosion every 2 hours were recorded during the past 24 hours and crater glow is visible at night. The steam plume was less pronounced and only about 700 m high yesterday morning. [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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