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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
Last earthquakes nearby
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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatépetl volcano (Central Mexico) activity update

Friday Oct 18, 2013 05:59 AM | BY: T

Crater glow from Popocatépel this morning
Crater glow from Popocatépel this morning
Following a small increase in the frequency of small explosive emissions during the previous days, activity has now decreased again to averages of less than 1 emission per hour. At night, crater glow remains visible.
Previous news
Eruption from Popocatépetl yesterday night
Tuesday, Oct 15, 2013
No significant change in activity occurred, although a slightly increasing trend is visible in the past days. Emissions were at rates of 3 per hour on average yesterday. CENAPRED also recorded 10 explosions with ash plumes up to 1.5 km height. Some of them ejected incandescent material up to 300 m outside the crater on the northern slope. Alert status remains at Yellow Phase 2. [more]
Monday, Oct 14, 2013
The number of emissions (mainly steam puffs) has increased to about 3 per hour. A total of 8 small explosions, some of which ejected incandescent tephra outside the crater and produced small ash plumes were observed during the latest 24 hour report interval (CENAPRED). ... [more]
Sunday, Oct 13, 2013
No changes have occurred. The volcano produces 1-2 generally weak emissions of steam and sometimes ash on average per hour. [more]
Small eruption from Popocatépetl yesterday
Thursday, Oct 10, 2013
The number of emissions has increased to about 2 per hour, and several smaller explosions occurred during the past days, generating ash plumes reaching up to about 1 km above the crater. [more]
Crater glow and steam plume from Popocatépel early this morning
Saturday, Oct 05, 2013
No changes in the currently low activity have occurred. Moderate steaming, occasional weak ash venting / small explosions (at rates of approx once / 2 hours) and glow at the summit at night characterize the current phase. CENPARED's alert level remains "Yellow Phase 2". [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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