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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
Last earthquakes nearby
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Popocatépetl Volcano Special (tour to see the ongoing eruption of Mexico's most active volcano)

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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatépetl volcano (Central Mexico) activity update

Friday Dec 06, 2013 15:49 PM | BY: T

SO2 plume from Popocatépetl yesterday (NOAA)
SO2 plume from Popocatépetl yesterday (NOAA)
Strong degassing with high SO2 content and glow from the crater characterize the current activity. There have been almost no explosive emissions during the past 24 hrs, as the following 24hr time-lapse video illustrates:
Previous news
Small steam / gas emission from Popocatépetl yesterday
Thursday, Dec 05, 2013
The rate of emissions has dropped to 2 over 24 hours yesterday. Only small steam and gas plumes were erupted. Weak summit glow can be observed at night. [more]

Saturday, Nov 30, 2013
CENAPRED reports no changes in activity. The number of explosive emissions of gas/steam and minor amounts of ash is very low (less than 10 per day). Weak glow remains visible at night and SO2 emissions elevated. ... [more]
Small ash emission from Popocatépetl this morning
Tuesday, Nov 26, 2013
No significant changes in activity have occurred. Only 8 weak emissions / explosions were recorded by CENAPRED during the latest 24 hr observation interval. The attached picture shows the largest of these events. [more]
Popocatépetl this morning (CENAPRED webcam)
Sunday, Nov 24, 2013
The rate of emissions has dropped to less than 10 per day. Glow remains visible from the summit crater at night, indicating that magma continues to arrive (slowly). A small volcanic-tectonic quake of magnitude 2.0 occurred yesterday morning (CENAPRED). [more]
Popocatépetl this morning
Friday, Nov 22, 2013
No significant changes in activity have occurred. CENAPRED reports occasional weak emissions mostly of steam and sometimes with small amounts of ash. Significant degassing and SO2 emissions continue. [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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