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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatépetl volcano (Central Mexico) activity update

Friday Mar 07, 2014 16:23 PM | BY: T

Small explosion at Popocatépetl yesterday morning (CENAPRED)
Small explosion at Popocatépetl yesterday morning (CENAPRED)
A small explosion occurred yesterday morning, ejecting glowing material to up to 600 m distance from the crater. Otherwise, the activity at the volcano has been low, similar to previous weeks.
CENAPRED counted 14 low-intensity emissions yesterday.
Previous news
SO2 plume from Popocatépetl yesterday (NOAA)
Wednesday, Mar 05, 2014
Activity at the volcano remains low and mainly characterized by intense, continuous degassing. Bright glow is visible above the crater at night. No explosions occurred during the past 24 hours. [more]
The new lava dome, about 20-30 m wide, inside Popocatépetl's crater
Sunday, Mar 02, 2014
Current activity at the volcano is low with only occasional small puffs of ash. CENAPRED published an aerial picture showing the new (so far very small) lava dome in the crater. ... [more]
Aerial view of Popocatépetl's summit with the new pit crater (image: CENAPRED)
Thursday, Feb 27, 2014
The volcano's activity increased yesterday. CENAPRED counted no less than 544 small to moderate emissions during the 24 hours between 25-26 Feb. ... [more]
Small explosion at Popocatépetl yesterday (CENAPRED)
Monday, Feb 24, 2014
Activity at the volcano has remained unchanged and is currently low. The number of explosive emissions of generally weak size is typically less than 10 per day. SO2 emissions remain elevated and glow at night is visible as a further indicator that magma continues to rise slowly to the crater. [more]
Aerial view of Popocatépetl's summit crater (image: CENAPRED)
Monday, Feb 17, 2014
No significant changes in the currently low activity of the volcano have occurred recently. The volcano produces a small number (less than 10 usually) weak explosive emissions of steam, gas and sometimes ash on a daily basis, and magma continues to rise slowly to the summit where a lava dome forms. This is evidenced by glow at night, and was confirmed during a recent overfly with the support of the Mexican Navy. ... [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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