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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatépetl volcano (Mexico): continuing lava dome growth, small to moderate explosions

Wednesday Mar 04, 2015 15:40 PM | BY: T

Explosion from Popocatépetl last evening
Explosion from Popocatépetl last evening
Aerial view of Popo's crater on 27 Feb with the lava dome filling the inner crater
Aerial view of Popo's crater on 27 Feb with the lava dome filling the inner crater
The activity of the volcano remains at fluctuating, but overall similar levels as during the past months. An increase in tremor yesterday probably corresponded to a phase of active dome growth, accompanied by bright glow visible at the crater and intense degassing and light ash emissions reaching 1500 m height.
10 explosions were recorded during the past 24 hours, the strongest of which ejected incandescent fragments to distances up to 500 m on the northern and northeastern slopes.
An overflight on 27 Feb showed that the dome nr 55 in the inner crater had grown to fill the bottom of the crater. Its diameter was at least 250 m and its thickness approx. 40 m. The volume of the dome was estimated at approximately 1.96 million cubic meters.
Previous news
Tuesday, Mar 03, 2015
CENAPRED reported that a series of explosions at Popocatépetl from 2250 on 24 February to 0345 on 25 February was accompanied by periods of tremor and Strombolian activity which ejected incandescent material as far as 700 m onto the NE and SE flanks. Additional explosions (19) were detected on 25 February. ... [more]
Ash eruption from Popocatépetl last evening
Monday, Feb 16, 2015
The volcano's activity remains more or less unchanged with fluctuating levels as to the number of emissions and explosions and seismic activity. ... [more]
Glow from Popocatépetl's summit crater
Saturday, Jan 03, 2015
Activity continues essentially unchanged. A small lava dome continues to grow inside the inner summit crater, with glow visible at night. ... [more]
Ash plume from a moderately strong explosion at Popocatépetl on Friday
Sunday, Dec 28, 2014
A series of small to moderate explosions occurred during 26-27 Dec at the volcano. The largest one, at 17:07 local time Friday, produced an ash plume that rose 3.5 km above the crater. ... [more]
Steam plume from Popocatépetl this evening (CENAPRED webcam)
Thursday, Dec 18, 2014
The volcano's activity remains similar as during the past months. SO2 emissions are elevated. ... [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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