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Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Satellite images of Popocatepetl volcano (c)Google Earth View
Popocatépetl volcano
Stratovolcano 5426 m / 17,802 ft
Central Mexico, 19.02°N / -98.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
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Popocatépetl volcano eruptions:
1345-47, 1354, 1363(?), 1488, 1504, 1509(?), 1512, 1518, 1519-23(?), 1528, 1530, 1539-40, 1542, 1548, 1571, 1580, 1590, 1592-94, 1642, 1663-65, 1666-67, 1697, 1720, 1802-04, 1827(?), 1834(?), 1852(?), 1919-22, 1923-24, 1925-27(?), 1933, 1942-43, 1947, 1994-95, 1996-2003, 2004-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive, construction of lava domes. Plinian eruptions at intervals of several centuries or few thousands of years, vulcanian and strombolian activity in intermittent phases.
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Popocatepetl volcano news & eruption update

Popocatépetl volcano (Central Mexico) activity update: occassional small ash emissions and crater glow

Thursday Mar 22, 2012 07:52 AM | BY: T

During the past week, steam-and-gas emissions were observed from Popocatépetl volcano and incandescence from the crater was visible at night. Small ash emissions occurred on 14 and 18 March, accompanied by increased incandescence from the crater.
Previous news
Thursday, Mar 08, 2012
During 1-6 March steam-and-gas emissions rose from Popocatépetl. Emissions contained small amounts of ash on 1 March and crater incandescence was observed at night. During the night on 2 March crater incandescence rose 200-300 m above the crater. [more]
Tuesday, Feb 28, 2012
CENAPRED reported that during 22-28 February steam-and-gas emissions rose from Popocatépetl and crater incandescence was observed at night. Ash plumes rose 500-900 m above the crater during 22-24 February. ... [more]
Tuesday, Feb 21, 2012
1-5 weak steam and ash eruptions per day, incandescence observed at night from the crater [more]
Tuesday, Feb 21, 2012
In the last 24 hours the monitoring system of Popocatepetl volcano registered 21 exhalations accompanied by low-level emissions of steam and gas. The most important took place yesterday at 11:46 h, 16:21 h, 19:34 h, 20:24 h today at 02:53 h were accompanied by ash. ... [more]
Wednesday, Feb 15, 2012
Steam-and-gas emissions with small amounts of ash observed on 14 February. Crater incandescence observed during the morning of 8 and 14 February. [more]

Background:

Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano.  The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater.  The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. 
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano.  The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone.  Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano.  Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution - Popocatepetl information


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