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Puracé volcano

Updated: Jun 1, 2023 05:23 GMT -
stratovolcano 4650+ m / 15,256 ft
Colombia, 2.32°N / -76.4°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Last update: 29 Apr 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Puracé volcano in SW Colombia, 25 km SE of Popayan, is one of the most active volcanoes in Colombia with frequent explosive eruptions. Its largest historic eruptions occurred in 1849, 1869, and 1885.
The last eruption of Puracé volcano was a small (VEI 2) eruption in 1977. It deposited ash up to 7 km away.
In 1990 new fumaroles and hot springs were observed at the summit and on the flank.

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Typical eruption style: explosive
Puracé volcano eruptions: 1977, 1957, 1956, 1949, 1947, 1946, 1927, 1926, 1925, 1924, 1906, 1902(?), 1899, 1885, 1881, 1878, 1870, 1869, 1860, 1847-52, 1840, 1835, 1827, 1816, 160 BC ± 50

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sunday, May 21, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
May 21, 2023 2:32 am (GMT -5) (May 21, 2023 07:32 GMT)

3.5 km
16 km (9.9 mi)


Puracé is an andesitic stratovolcano with a 500-m-wide summit crater constructed over a dacitic shield volcano. The volcano is located at the NW end of a volcanic massif opposite the Pan de Azúcar stratovolcano 6 km to the SE.
A NW-SE-trending group of 7 cones and craters, Los Coconucos, lies between the two larger edifices. (Source: USGS / GVP volcano information)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Fri, 29 Apr 2022, 07:03

Purace (Colombia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 20 April-26 April 2022 (NEW)

Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Popayán, Servicio Geologico Colombiano (SGC), reported that during 19-25 April the number and magnitudes of earthquakes at Puracé was similar to the previous week. Signals included 72 volcano-tectonic (VT) events, indicating rock fracturing, along with 207 long-period (LP) events and 14 low-energy tremor pulses, indicating fluid movement. Data from the GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) geodetic network continued to show inflation on the centimeter scale. ... Read all
Wed, 13 Apr 2022, 23:59

Purace volcano (Colombia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 6 April-12 April 2022 (New Activity / Unrest)

On 29 March Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Popayán, Servicio Geologico Colombiano (SGC), reported that the number of earthquakes at Puracé had increased during the previous few weeks, and were characterized by volcano-tectonic (VT) events, indicating rock fracturing, and long-period (LP) and volcanic tremor (TR) events, indicating fluid movement. The number of events notably increased on 28 March, with 479 VT, 183 (LP), and 119 (TR) events in total. The magnitudes of events abruptly increased the next day; the largest event was a M 3.3 recorded at 1214 on 29 March. ... Read all
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