Reventador volcano, Ecuador: news & activity updates
Reventador volcano (Ecuador): growing lava dome and change to more explosive eruption style
Tuesday Nov 20, 2012 11:05 AM | BY: T
Reventador volcano's activity continues at elevated levels with the possibility of larger explosive eruptions and pyroclastic flows, according to the latest report of the Instituto Geofísico.
Current seismic signal from CONE station (IG)
During the first months of 2012, the volcano started to produce lava flows and build up a new lava dome that has by now over-topped the Nov 2002 crater rim. Over the past months, there has been a steady in crease.
Steam plumes above the crater were mostly less than 500 m tall in the first months, they started to be larger since 4 Nov, when heights of the plume at times reached 3 km height during moderate ash explosions. In parallel, seismic activity increased as well.
From 16 Nov, seismicity increased again to higher energy levels and increased frequency of harmonic tremor pulses. This went along with the occurrence of emission columns containing ash that reached 4000 m above the summit and drifted mainly to the N and NW. Light ash falls occurred in areas located between the volcano and the town of Chaco.
IG notes that a gradual change in activity from effusive (lava flows) to a more explosive style can be observed, with more frequent ash explosions that could affect populated areas at greater distances from the volcano. This is thought to be caused by an influx of new magma into the system and could lead to a further increase of explosions with more ash content.
Additionally, explosions or gravitational collapse could destroy the lava dome and form dangerous pyroclastic flows, especially down the Marker and Reventador rivers and affect people and infrastructure located downstream in these areas.
Links / Sources:
Links / Sources:
Friday, Nov 16, 2012
While visual observations are difficult to absent due to near constant cloud cover, the seismic signal tells a clear story that significant activity is going on at the growing lava dome. ... [more]
Thursday, Nov 15, 2012
A new phase of activity started on 9 November, characterized by lava flows from the crater, steam plumes, and thermal anomalies detected in satellite images. ... [more]
Tuesday, Nov 13, 2012
The volcano observatory reported an new ash emission reaching 17,000 ft (about 5.2 km) altitude, i.e. an ash plume rising about 2 km above the volcano. [more]
Saturday, Nov 10, 2012
The Geophysical Insitutde of Ecuador reported an ash emission earlier today at 04:00 h GMT. The height of the ash plume was unknown due to intense cloud cover, and no ash could be identified on satellite data. ... [more]