News & activity updates:
Вулкан Bromo: Консультативный центр по вулканическому пеплу: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100 EXT TO S.
FVAU02 at 01:03 UTC, 11/04/19 from ADRM
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/91
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100 EXT TO S.
EST VA DTG: 11/0100Z
EST VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0755 E11258 - S0803 E11305 - S0817
E11304 - S0818 E11253 - S0804 E11252 - S0756 E11255 MOV S
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 11/0700Z SFC/FL100 S0754 E11258 - S0802
E11307 - S0813 E11306 - S0816 E11255 - S0804 E11250 - S0756
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 11/1300Z SFC/FL100 S0752 E11301 - S0751
E11251 - S0806 E11240 - S0813 E11256 - S0802 E11308
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 11/1900Z SFC/FL100 S0752 E11301 - S0802
E11308 - S0813 E11256 - S0806 E11240 - S0751 E11251
RMK: VA CURRENTLY IDENTIFIABLE ON SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MOV
IN A SOUTHERLY DIRECTION. VA HEIGHT AND MOVEMENT BASED ON
HIMAWARI-8, SURABAYA 10/1200Z SOUNDING AND MODEL GUIDANCE.
LOW CONFIDENCE IN FCST DUE TO LIGHT AND VRB WINDS.
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190411/0700Z
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.