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Bromo вулкан
Стратовулкан 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Текущее состояние: незначительные действия или извержения предупреждение (3 из 5) Bromo Вулкан-извержения:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Типичный извержения стиль:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.

News & activity updates:

Вулкан Bromo: Консультативный центр по вулканическому пеплу: VA TO FL100 LAST OBS 16/0050Z EXT NW EST VA DTG: 16/1130Z

Вт, 16 апр 2019, 12:00
12:00 PM | ПЇЅПЇЅПЇЅПЇЅПЇЅ: VN
Спутниковое изображение вулкана Bromo 16 Apr 2019
Спутниковое изображение вулкана Bromo 16 Apr 2019
Эруптивная активность продолжается. Консультативный центр по вулканическому пеплу (VAAC) в Wellington предупредил о шлейфе вулканического пепла, который поднялся на высоту 10000 футов (3000 m) и движется со скоростью 5 узлов в W направлении.
Полный отчет выглядит следующим образом:

FVAU04 at 11:48 UTC, 16/04/19 from NZKL
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20190416/1130Z
VAAC: DARWIN
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
AREA: INDONESIA
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/99
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, WEBCAM
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: VA TO FL100 LAST OBS 16/0050Z EXT NW
EST VA DTG: 16/1130Z
EST VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0759 E11259 - S0755 E11259 - S0747
E11248 - S0752 E11242 - S0801 E11246 MOV W 5KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 16/1730Z SFC/FL100 S0759 E11259 - S0804
E11246 - S0757 E11239 - S0750 E11246 - S0754 E11258
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 16/2330Z SFC/FL100 S0759 E11259 - S0754
E11258 - S0750 E11246 - S0757 E11240 - S0804 E11247
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 17/0530Z SFC/FL100 S0759 E11259 - S0804
E11246 - S0757 E11240 - S0750 E11246 - S0754 E11258
RMK: VA NOT IDENTIFIABLE ON LATEST SAT IMAGERY DUE TO MET
CLOUD, HOWEVER REGULAR ONGOING ERUPTIONS HAVE BEEN VISIBLE
ON WEBCAM. HEIGHT AND MOVEMENT BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 IMAGERY,
WEBCAM AND MODEL GUIDANCE. LOW CONFIDENCE IN FCST DUE TO
LIGHT AND VARIABLE WINDS
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190416/1730Z


Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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