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Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)
Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)

Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03

 

Etna вулкан

Комплекс стратовулкан Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Текущее состояние: извергающийся (4 из 5)
Etna Веб-камеры / данные в реальном времени | Reports
Etna volcano videos
Etna volcano books | Tours | Places to stay
Last update: 22 May 2020 (strombolian activity continues)
Типичный извержения стиль: Effusive (приток лавы) и мягко взрывчатых веществ (Стромболианская) вулканов. Встречи на высшем уровне и частые Пашина извержений, последний похоже происходящие в кластерах, длится несколько десятков лет.
Etna Вулкан-извержения: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-18, 2018(f), 2019 (s) Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
ВремяМагнитный / ГлубинаРасстояниеМестоположение
Sat, 4 Jul 2020
Sat, 4 Jul 09:24 UTCM 1.3 / 8.3 km7 km10 km NW Milo (CT) (Italy)
Sat, 4 Jul 01:09 UTCM 2.3 / 29.4 km24 km11 km NE Regalbuto (EN) (Italy)
Sat, 4 Jul 00:56 UTCM 2.2 / 32 km27 kmSicily, Italy
Fri, 3 Jul 2020
Fri, 3 Jul 14:29 UTCM 1.3 / 3.8 km3 km9 km W Milo (CT) (Italy)
Thu, 2 Jul 2020
Thu, 2 Jul 18:15 UTCM 1.5 / 2.9 km4 km8 km W Milo (CT) (Italy)
Просмотреть все последние землетрясения
Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

Справочная информация:

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

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