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A grey ash plume from Kerinci volcano (image: @Andrean18715677/twitter)
Thursday, Apr 16, 2020
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin recored on 14 April at 03:19 local time an explosion that generated grey ash plume, which rose approx. 1,312 ft (400 m) above the summit. ... [подробнее]
  • Sumatra volcano news page

Volcanoes of Sumatra (Indonesia)

Major active volcanoes of Sumatra. (Basemap created using UNAVCO map tool featuring Face of the Earth).
Major active volcanoes of Sumatra.

 

Вулканы Суматра (67 Португалия)

Barus |Bekulap |Belirang-Beriti |Besar |Bukit Daun |Bukit Lumut |Bukit Lumut Balai |Bukit Nanti |Bukit Telor |Bukit Tenaroh |Bukit Tiga | Dempo |Geureudong |Geureugoh |Gunung Sembuang |Gunung Semuning (Ranau caldera) |Gunung Telago |Gunung Tudeuk |Helatoba-Tarutung | Hulubelu |Hulunilo |Hutapanjang |Imun |Isau-Isau | Kaba |Kembar |Kerinci |Lubukraya |Maninjau | Marapi |Martimbang |Masurai |Melintang |Nama Salah |Olim |Patah |Pendan |Pesagi |Pesawaran-Ratai |Peuet Sague |Pulau Weh |Raja |Raja-Sabanda | Rajabasa |Runcing |Sarik-Gajah |Sekincau Belirang |Seulawah Agam |Seulawah Inong |Sibayak |Sibualbuali |Simbolon |Sinabung | Sorikmarapi |Sukadana Basalts | Sumbing | Suoh |Takur-Takur |Talakmau | Talang | Tandikat |Tanggamus |Teu Minas | Toba |Tujuh |Tungkat |Uruk Simacak
Barus
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Bekulap
(Lava dome(s) ?)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Belirang-Beriti
(ВУЛКАН)
The compound Belerang-Beriti volcano rises above the Semalako Plain in SW Sumatra, forming a NW-SE-trending massif that contains a 1.2-km-wide crater breached to the NE. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Besar
(ВУЛКАН)
Gunung Besar is a 1899-m-high volcano in SE Sumatra with a minor sulfur deposit in its crater. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Daun
(ВУЛКАН)
Located in a sparsely populated region of Sumatra, Bukit Daun forms a twin volcano with Gedang volcano. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Lumut
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Lumut Balai
(ВУЛКАН)
Bukit Lumut Balai is a heavily eroded volcano consisting of three eruption centers, two on Bukit Lumut and one on the NE side of Bukit Balai, 5 km to the east. Large lava flows occur on the north side of Bukit Balai. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Nanti
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Telor
(Pyroclastic cone)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Tenaroh
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Bukit Tiga
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Dempo
(Стратовулкан)
Dempo is a prominent 3173-m-high stratovolcano that rises above the Pasumah Plain of SE Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Geureudong
(Стратовулкан)
The massive Bur ni Geureudong volcanic complex, one of the largest in northern Sumatra, consists of the two adjacent volcanoes of Bur ni Geureudong and Bur ni Telong. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Geureugoh
(Fissure vent(s))
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Gunung Sembuang
(Explosion crater)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Gunung Semuning (Ranau caldera)
(stratovolcano, caldera)
Ranau is an 8 x 13 km caldera partially filled by the crescent-shaped Lake Ranau. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Gunung Telago
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Gunung Tudeuk
(Lava dome)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Helatoba-Tarutung
(fumarolic field)
Helatoba-Tarutung, located in northern Sumatra south of Lake Toba, is a group of sulfurous hot springs along a 40-km-long, NNW-SSE-trending stretch of the Renun-Toru fault zone. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Hulubelu
(ВУЛКАН)
Hulubelu is an elliptical, 4-km-long caldera or volcano-tectonic depression in SE Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Hulunilo
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Hutapanjang
(stratovolcano, caldera)
Huatapanjang stratovolcano, located to the NW of Sumbing volcano, is classified as active by Rock et al. (1982) and Posavec et al. (1973), with no additional information. Little is known of this central Sumatran volcano. It is not sure if the 2009 6.8 R earthquake was connected t... [БОЛЬШЕ]

Imun
(Купол лавы)
Imun is a single small dacitic and/or rhyolitic cone south of Lake Toba with a youthful, undissected morphology, and is considered to be of late-Pleistocene or Holocene age (Aldiss et al., 1983). Source: Smithsonian GVP [БОЛЬШЕ]

Isau-Isau
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Kaba
(Стратовулкан)
Kaba, a twin volcano with Mount Hitam, has an elongated summit crater complex dominated by three large historically active craters trending ENE from the summit to the upper NE flank. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Kembar
(ВУЛКАН)
The Gayolesten fumarole field is located on the flanks of the Pleistocene Gunung Kembar volcano. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Kerinci
(Стратовулкан)
The 3800-m-high Gunung Kerinci in central Sumatra is Indonesia's highest volcano and one of the most active in Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Lubukraya
(stratovolcano, lava dome)
Lubukraya is a well-defined andesitic stratovolcano of latest Pleistocene to possibly Holocene age with a broad crater breached to the south and a prominent lava dome at the southern foot of the volcano (Aspden et al. 1982). [БОЛЬШЕ]

Maninjau
(Caldera)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Marapi
(Стратовулкан)
Gunung Marapi (not to be confused with the better-known Merapi volcano on Java) is Sumatra's most active volcano. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Martimbang
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Masurai
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Melintang
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Nama Salah
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Olim
(Fissure vent(s))
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Patah
(ВУЛКАН)
Patah is a heavily forested, dissected Quaternary volcano SE of Dempo volcano. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Pendan
(ВУЛКАН)
Pendan is a little-known volcano in central Sumatra that is listed as an active volcanic center by Rock et al. (1982) and Posavec et al. (1973), with no additional information. Source: Smithsonian GVP [БОЛЬШЕ]

Pesagi
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Pesawaran-Ratai
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Peuet Sague
(Complex volcano)
Peuet Sague is a large volcanic complex that rises to 2801 m in NW Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Pulau Weh
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Raja
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Raja-Sabanda
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Rajabasa
(ВУЛКАН)
Rajabasa is a prominent, isolated volcano along the Sunda Strait at the SE-most tip of Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Runcing
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Sarik-Gajah
(Pyroclastic cones)
The Sarik volcanic andesitic/basaltic center consists of two young cones with vegetated, but uneroded surfaces. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Sekincau Belirang
(ВУЛКАН)
Sekincau volcano was constructed near the southern rim of the small NW-SE-trending double Belirang and Balak calderas, 2 and 2.5 km wide, respectively. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Seulawah Agam
(Стратовулкан)
Seulawah Agam is an active stratovolcano at the northwestern tip of Sumatra. It was built within the older lam Teuba caldera. It has a 400 m wide forested summit crater and a crater at 650 m on the NNE flank, the Van Heutsz crater, which has active fumaroles. The last activity of... [БОЛЬШЕ]

Seulawah Inong
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Sibayak
(ВУЛКАН)
Sibayak and Pinto are twin volcanoes within a compound caldera open to the north. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Sibualbuali
(ВУЛКАН)
Sibualbuali is an eroded Pleistocene stratovolcano with two solfatara fields on the eastern flank. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Simbolon
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Sinabung
(Стратовулкан)
Sinabung volcano in July 2015Sinabung is a typical stratovolcano in northern Sumatra next to the town of Berastagi. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Sorikmarapi
(Стратовулкан)
Sorikmarapi is a forested stratovolcano with a 600-m-wide summit crater containing a crater lake and substantial sulfur deposits. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Sukadana Basalts
(Fissure vent)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Sumbing
(Стратовулкан)
Smaller than its prominent namesake on Java, Sumatra's Sumbing volcano has a complicated summit region containing several crater remnants and a 180-m-long crater lake. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Suoh
(Maar)
The 8 x 16 km Suoh depression appears to be primarily of tectonic origin, but contains historically active maars and silicic lava domes along its margins. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Takur-Takur
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Talakmau
(ВУЛКАН)
Talakmau (also known as Talamau) is a massive compound volcano rising above the western coastal plain of Sumatra. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Talang
(Стратовулкан)
Talang, which forms a twin volcano with the extinct Pasar Arbaa volcano, has two crater lakes on its flanks. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Tandikat
(Стратовулкан)
Tandikat and its twin volcano to the NNE, Singgalang, lie across the Bukittinggi plain from Marapi volcano. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Tanggamus
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Teu Minas
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Toba
(Caldera)
Toba volcano has produced the largest known volcanic eruption on earth during the past 2 million years. [БОЛЬШЕ]

Tujuh
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Tungkat
(Unknown)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Uruk Simacak
(Стратовулкан)
[БОЛЬШЕ]

Volcanism in Sumatra

Sumatra's volcananism is caused by the northeastward subduction of the oceanic Indian-Australian plate at speeds of up to 70 mm/year under the continental Sunda plate (part of the Eurasian plate).
The region is tectonically among the most active on earth, as the great 9.0 (or perhaps even 9.3) magnitude earthquake on Dec. 26, 2004, has sadly illustrated.
The most active volcanoes of Sumatra are Marapi and Karinci, followed by Talang and Kawa volcanoes.


Simplified tectonic map of the Indian Ocean and Sumatra, movements of tectonic plates, the Sunda Trench, location of the great 2004 earthquake, and volcanoes in Sumatra. (USGS)
Simplified tectonic map of the Indian Ocean and Sumatra, movements of tectonic plates, the Sunda Trench, location of the great 2004 earthquake, and volcanoes in Sumatra. (USGS)
 

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