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Случайные фотографии
Current Activity
Kilauea eruption update:
Пятница, ноя 23, 2018
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [подробнее]
Current scene at Fissure 8. Credit: USGS/HVO.
Суббота, ноя 10, 2018
It has now been 66 days since lava was last at the surface at Kilauea. That is the longest gap since the start of the eruption in 1983- there were 65 days between Episode 2 and 3- and the longest since the 4 months between the two 1982 eruptions. And with no signs of imminent renewal, it seems very likely that the current gap will reach the 90 day mark on December 5- which means the eruptive period that started in 1983 has come to end. When eruptive activity does eventually return, it will be an entirely new eruption. [подробнее]
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.

Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.

Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
 

Kilauea вулкан

Shield volcano 1277 m (4,190 ft)
Hawai'i, 19.41°N / -155.29°W
Текущее состояние: normal or dormant (1 из 5)
Kilauea Веб-камеры / данные в реальном времени | Reports
Kilauea volcano videos
Kilauea volcano books | Tours | Places to stay
Last update: 1 мар 2019
Типичный извержения стиль: Dominantly effusive since 1790, but ~60% explosive over past ~2500 years.
Kilauea Вулкан-извержения: Near-continuous eruptions. Since 1960: 1961 (4x), 1962, 1963 (2x), 1965 (2x), 1967-68, 1968 (2x), 1969, 1969-74, 1971 (2x), 1973 (2x), 1974 (3x), 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (2x), 1983-2018 (incl. 1986, 1992, 1997, 2007, 2011 (3x)), 2018 (lower east rift zone in Leilani subdivision)Haleamaumau crater in the center of the Kilauea caldera - the heart of Kilauea volcano
ВремяМагнитный / ГлубинаРасстояниеМестоположение
Sun, 26 May 2019
Sun, 26 May 11:07 UTCM 2.1 / 0.1 km12 km11km SSE of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Sun, 26 May 01:23 UTCM 1.8 / 29.8 km32 km1km SSW of Pahala, Hawaii (USA)
Sat, 25 May 2019
Sat, 25 May 23:06 UTCM 2.1 / 0.4 km6 km6km WNW of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Sat, 25 May 08:03 UTCM 1.9 / 0.4 km3 km2km W of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Sat, 25 May 07:57 UTCM 2.0 / 31 km25 km9km E of Pahala, Hawaii (USA)
Просмотреть все последние землетрясения
Kilauea is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, located on the southern part of the Island of Hawai'i, known as Big Island. Hawai'i is the southernmost and largest of the island chain, which owes its existence to the very active Hawaiian hot spot.
Kilauea volcano is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones. At present, Kilauea volcano is still having one of the most long-lived eruptions known on earth, which started in 1983 on the eastern rift zone and has mainly been concentrated at the Pu'u 'O'o vent.

Справочная информация:

Kilauea volcano, a youthful shield volcano, sitting on the south east flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano, is the youngest volcano (on land) of the Hawaiian hot spot and not only the most active volcano of Hawaii but at the same time also the world's active volcano. It has been in near-constant activity since there is oral or written history and it is having an uninterrupted eruption since 1983 (at present at the Pu'u 'O'o vent on the East rift zone).

Its eruptions are prominent in Hawaiian Polynesian legends and written documentation about its activity go back to only 1820s when it started to attract interested visitor from all over the world and bacame one of volcanology's hot spots.

Kilauea has a large summit caldera with a central crater, Halemaumau, which is according to Hawaiian legends the home of the fire goddess Pele. Until 1924, it contained a lava lake. Kilauea has frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to the south-west and to the east, which extend to the sea on both sides of the volcano. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1500 years ago. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1100 years old; 70% of the volcano's surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone that began in 1983 has produced lava flows covering more than 100 sq km, destroying nearly 200 houses and adding new coastline to the island.

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