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Случайные фотографии
Current Activity
Kilauea eruption update:
Saturday, Apr 04, 2020
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory have released the monthly update of activity at Kilauea volcano over the month of March. ... читать все
Friday, Mar 06, 2020
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) report that over the past month at Kilauea volcano, the rates of seismicity varied but within a range observed over the past year. Sulfur dioxide emission rates have been low at the summit and below detection limits at Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the lower East Rift Zone. The water pond at the bottom of Halema'uma'u continues to slowly expand and deepen and its dimensions are approximately 100 meters (330 feet) by 200 meters (660 feet) and approximately 28 meters or 92 feet deep as of early March. ... читать все
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.

Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.

Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
 

Kilauea вулкан

Shield volcano 1277 m (4,190 ft)
Hawai'i, 19.41°N / -155.29°W
Текущее состояние: normal or dormant (1 из 5)
Kilauea Веб-камеры / данные в реальном времени | Reports
Kilauea volcano videos
Kilauea volcano books | Tours | Places to stay
Last update: 4 Apr 2020
Типичный извержения стиль: Dominantly effusive since 1790, but ~60% explosive over past ~2500 years.
Kilauea Вулкан-извержения: Near-continuous eruptions. Since 1960: 1961 (4x), 1962, 1963 (2x), 1965 (2x), 1967-68, 1968 (2x), 1969, 1969-74, 1971 (2x), 1973 (2x), 1974 (3x), 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (2x), 1983-2018 (incl. 1986, 1992, 1997, 2007, 2011 (3x)), 2018 (lower east rift zone in Leilani subdivision) Haleamaumau crater in the center of the Kilauea caldera - the heart of Kilauea volcano
ВремяМагнитный / ГлубинаРасстояниеМестоположение
Thu, 16 Jul 2020
Thu, 16 Jul 13:58 UTCM 1.7 / 7.5 km4 km9 km SW of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Thu, 16 Jul 08:28 UTCM 1.9 / 4.8 km17 km11 km S of Fern Forest, Hawaii (USA)
Thu, 16 Jul 00:44 UTCM 2.0 / 1.8 km4 km6 km SSW of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Wed, 15 Jul 2020
Wed, 15 Jul 23:45 UTCM 1.9 / 1 km0 km6 km SW of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Wed, 15 Jul 23:06 UTCM 2.1 / 0.3 km1 km5 km SW of Volcano, Hawaii (USA)
Просмотреть все последние землетрясения
Kilauea is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, located on the southern part of the Island of Hawai'i, known as Big Island. Hawai'i is the southernmost and largest of the island chain, which owes its existence to the very active Hawaiian hot spot.
Kilauea volcano is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones. At present, Kilauea volcano is still having one of the most long-lived eruptions known on earth, which started in 1983 on the eastern rift zone and has mainly been concentrated at the Pu'u 'O'o vent.

Справочная информация:

Kilauea volcano, a youthful shield volcano, sitting on the south east flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano, is the youngest volcano (on land) of the Hawaiian hot spot and not only the most active volcano of Hawaii but at the same time also the world's active volcano. It has been in near-constant activity since there is oral or written history and it is having an uninterrupted eruption since 1983 (at present at the Pu'u 'O'o vent on the East rift zone).

Its eruptions are prominent in Hawaiian Polynesian legends and written documentation about its activity go back to only 1820s when it started to attract interested visitor from all over the world and bacame one of volcanology's hot spots.

Kilauea has a large summit caldera with a central crater, Halemaumau, which is according to Hawaiian legends the home of the fire goddess Pele. Until 1924, it contained a lava lake. Kilauea has frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to the south-west and to the east, which extend to the sea on both sides of the volcano. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1500 years ago. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1100 years old; 70% of the volcano's surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone that began in 1983 has produced lava flows covering more than 100 sq km, destroying nearly 200 houses and adding new coastline to the island.

Kilauea Фото:




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