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Merapi вулкан
Стратовулкан 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Текущее состояние: извергающийся (4 из 5)
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Merapi Вулкан-извержения:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 - ongoing
Типичный извержения стиль:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
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Merapi volcano news & eruption updates

Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia), update: devastating pyroclastic flows reach 15-18 km, 77 victims reported

Friday Nov 05, 2010 16:27 PM |

The eruption of Merapi, now already the worst since at least 1872, is still increasing, and news are hard to keep up with: extremely large and dangerous pyroclastic flows occured yesterday and today, reaching up to 13-18 km distance. Tragically, more than 77 more people have been killed, bringing the total death toll to over 100 so far.
Most of the new victims were caught by the so far strongest pyroclastic flow that reached the village of Argomulyo( -7.668635, 110.462992) in 18 km distance, where they were burned by the advancing hot surge and the following ash flow.
The evacuation zone has been extended to a radius of 20 km, and around 100,000 people are now evacuated, streching the capacities of the disaster management system to its limits.
Darwin VAAC reported ash plume heights at FL550 (55,000 feet / 16,700 metres a.s.l.), and the plume extending 190 nautical miles (ca 350 km) to the west and south-west.
Wether the pyroclastic flows were produced by explosion column collapse or dome collapse or a combination of both, is unclear.
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ССЫЛКИ / ИСТОЧНИКИ:
Предыдущие новости
Thursday, Nov 04, 2010
Violent explosions and pyroclastic flows continue at Merapi. According to news, 6 more people were killed in the eruption, bringing the death toll from the current eruption to at least 44 so far. The Darwin VAAC reports the ash plume reaching 39,000 ft (ca. 13 km) altitude extending 200 km to the west. ... [подробнее]
Wednesday, Nov 03, 2010
The eruption of Merapi volcano seems to have produced its strongest explosion so far today this afternoon around 16-17h local time. According to satellite data from the Darwin VAAC, a large ash plume has been first detected at 09:47 UTC (=16h47 local time) reaching flight level 600, i.e. 60,000 ft or ca. 20 km altitude. ... [подробнее]
Powerful explosions and pyroclastic flows from the new lava dome (photo: Andi Rosati) on 1 Nov 2010
Wednesday, Nov 03, 2010
Powerful explosions from the growing lava dome continue, shedding medium to large pyroclastic flows down its flanks. ... [подробнее]
Monday, Nov 01, 2010
Strong ash exlosions and the growth of the lava dome continue at Merapi volcano. Yesterday and today, several medium-sized pyroclastic flows reached up to 4 km distance into the river canyons of Kali Gendol, Lamat, Senowo, and Krasak. Several thousands of inhabitants not yet evacuated are reported to have fled the area in panic. Two persons dies in a related road accident. [подробнее]
Saturday, Oct 30, 2010
The strong eruptions last night showered Ygoya and Sleman cities with ash. Andy reports directly from the observatory Babadan, + 1279 m on the western slope, still mostly free of ash: "I witnessed 2 times pyroclastic flows since at 05.00 through Senowo river. Again last night 29 oct, around at 24.00 there was a massive glowing ash column rising up until 1,5 km, and all people at 5 at the distance 10 km from the summit must evacuated. ... [подробнее]

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