Help Ukraine

Piton de la Fournaise вулкан

Shield volcano 2631 m (8,632 ft)
La Réunion, -21.24°S / 55.71°E
Текущее состояние: normal or dormant (1 из 5)
Last update: 15 мар 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Piton de la Fournaise erupting in 2010 (Photo: Sylvie and Philippe CHOUKROUN)
Piton de la Fournaise erupting in 2010 (Photo: Sylvie and Philippe CHOUKROUN)

Piton de la Fournaise, a typical basaltic shield volcano, located on the French island La Réunion, is one of the world's most active and productive volcanoes. It is in a phase of frequent but short-lived eruptions that start with lava fountains and produce large lava flows. Since the active areas of the volcano are not inhabited, its eruptions pose little danger and cause little damage.

Показать интерактивную карту
Типичный извержения стиль: Effusive
Piton de la Fournaise Вулкан-извержения: 1900, 1901, 1901, 1902, 1903(?), 1904, 1905, 1907, 1908(?), 1909, 1910, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1924, 1925-26, 1926-27, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933-34, 1935(?), 1936, 1937, 1938, 1938-39, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947(?), 1948, 1948(?), 1950, 1951(?), 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955-57, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1964-65, 1966, 1972, 1973, 1973, 1975-76, 1976, 1977, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983-84, 1985-88, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000 (Feb-March), 2001 (March-April), 2001 (June-July), 2002 (Jan.), 2002 (Nov-Dec), 2003 (May) - 2004 (Jan), 2004 (May), 2004 (Aug-Oct), 2005 (Feb-March), 2005 (Oct), 2005 (Nov), 2005 (Dec)-2006 (Jan), 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 (Oct), 2010 (Dec), 2014 (June), 2015 (Feb), 2015 (May), 2015 (Aug-Oct), 2016 (May, Sep), 2017 (Jan-Mar), 2018 (Apr, 2x), 2018 (Sep), 2019 (Feb, June, July, Aug, Oct), 2020 (Feb), 2020 (Dec), 2021 (Apr), 2021 (Dec)
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
ВремяМагнитуда / ГлубинаРасстояние/Местоположение
Суббота, 21 мая 2022 GMT (1 земл.)
22 мая 2022 03:10 (GMT +4) (21 мая 2022 23:10 GMT)
1.0

20 km
31 km (19 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Четверг, 19 мая 2022 GMT (1 земл.)
20 мая 2022 01:18 (GMT +4) (19 мая 2022 21:18 GMT)
1.0

9.6 km
42 km (26 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Воскресенье, 15 мая 2022 GMT (1 земл.)
15 мая 2022 21:09 (GMT +4) (15 мая 2022 17:09 GMT)
0.9

14 km
29 km (18 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Вторник, 10 мая 2022 GMT (1 земл.)
10 мая 2022 17:14 (GMT +4) (10 мая 2022 13:14 GMT)
1.1

18 km
19 km (12 mi)
Réunion: Near Le Tampon

Справочная информация

Piton de la Fournaise is a typical example of a hot-spot volcano. The volcano is about 530,000 years old and during much of this time, its activity overlapped with eruptions of its older neighbor, the deeply dissected Piton des Neiges shield volcano to the NW.

Three calderas formed at about 250,000, 65,000, and less than 5000 years ago by progressive eastward slumping of the volcano. Numerous pyroclastic cones dot the floor of the calderas and their outer flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from the summit and flanks of Dolomieu, a 400-m-high lava shield that has grown within the youngest caldera called the Enclos, which is 8 km wide and breached to below sea level on the eastern side. More than 150 eruptions, most of which have produced fluid basaltic lava flows, have occurred since the 17th century. Only six eruptions, in 1708, 1774, 1776, 1800, 1977, and 1986, have originated from fissures on the outer flanks of the caldera. The Piton de la Fournaise Volcano Observatory, one of several operated by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, monitors this very active volcano.

---
Source: adapted from GVP/Smithsonian Institution

Piton de la Fournaise Фото

Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Curtain of lava fountains from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Curtain of lava fountains from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
New cinder cone with erupting lava fountain, eruption at Piton de la Fournaise Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
New cinder cone with erupting lava fountain, eruption at Piton de la Fournaise Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

Попробуйте наше бесплатное приложение!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | версия iOS

Подробнее о VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Использование материалов: Большинство текстов и изображений, в частности фотографий, на этом веб-сайте защищены авторским правом. Дальнейшее воспроизведение и использование без разрешения обычно не разрешается. Если вы не уверены или нуждаетесь в лицензионных правах на фотографии, например, для публикаций и коммерческого использования, свяжитесь с нами.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
Follow us:Follow us on facebookFollow us on InstagramFollow us on TwitterVisit our Youtube channel