Help Ukraine

Sirung вулкан

ВУЛКАН 862 m / 2,828 ft
Pantar Island, Indonesia , -8.51°S / 124.13°E
Текущее состояние: normal or dormant (1 из 5)
Last update: 6 апр 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Sirung is a frequently active volcano on Pantar Island, 77 km north of the island of Timor. Sirung has a 2 km wide caldera which usually contains an acid crater lakes in the rain season. Gunung Sirung is a lava dome located on the caldera's western rim.

Показать интерактивную карту
Типичный извержения стиль: ВЗРЫВООПАСНЫЕ
Sirung Вулкан-извержения: 2012, 2004 (?), 1970, 1965, 1965, 1964, 1960, 1953, 1947, 1934, 1927 (?), 1899 (?), 1852 (?)
Lastest nearby earthquakes: Нет недавних землетрясений

Справочная информация

Sirung volcano is located at the NE end of a 14-km-long line of volcanic centers that form a peninsula at the southern end of Pantar Island. The low, 862-m-high volcano is truncated by a 2-km-wide caldera whose floor often contains one or more small lakes. Much of the volcano is constructed of basaltic lava flows, and the Gunung Sirung lava dome forms the high point on the caldera's western rim. A number of phreatic eruptions have occurred from vents within the caldera during the 20th century. Forested Gunung Topaki, the 1390-m high point of the volcanic chain, lies at the SW end and contains a symmetrical summit crater.
---
Source: GVP

Sirung hot springs & crater lake
Strong fumaroles and boiling springs are found in Sirung's large crater. The crater contains often a highly acid (pH = 0.75), warm (40 deg C), grey-coloured crater lake where volcanic gasses escape in bubbles. The gasses are unusually rich in chlorine. The lake is similar to Kawah lien crater lake in East Java. ...БОЛЬШЕ

Beangabang Bay hot springs
A second area of hot springs is found on the beach of Beangabang Bay east of Sirung's crater. Water from these springs mixes with seawater.

2004 uncertain eruption
Eruptions of "smoke and dust" were reported by press around 13 May 2004, but according to the Indonesian Volcanological Survey, these reports were false.

1987 earthquake
A volcanologist from the Indonesian Volcanological Survey visited the volcano on 12 December, following an earthquake of M6.5 on 26 November. Fumaroles and the crater lake were normal and showed no evidence of increased activity. The only notable change in the crater was a fresh landslide scar that perhaps had resulted from the earthquake.

1934 eruption
Sirung volcano erupted on 14-15 June 1934. Detonations were heard in Ilakalau village and the following morning the crater rim was observed to be covered by white fresh ash deposits. On 16 June lapilli fell in Ilakalau village. On 17 June dense ash clouds were erupted 5-10 minutes. On 26 June, 30 m high lava fountains or strombolian activity were observed at the crater.

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Попробуйте наше бесплатное приложение!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | версия iOS

Подробнее о VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Использование материалов: Большинство текстов и изображений, в частности фотографий, на этом веб-сайте защищены авторским правом. Дальнейшее воспроизведение и использование без разрешения обычно не разрешается. Если вы не уверены или нуждаетесь в лицензионных правах на фотографии, например, для публикаций и коммерческого использования, свяжитесь с нами.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
Follow us:Follow us on facebookFollow us on InstagramFollow us on TwitterVisit our Youtube channel