White Island вулкан

ВУЛКАН 321 m / 1,053 ft
Neuseeland, -37.52°S / 177.18°E
Текущее состояние: беспокойный (2 из 5)
Last update: 15 Sep 2021 (intermittent weak ash emissions continue)
Inside the crater of White Island volcano
Inside the crater of White Island volcano

White Island in the Bay of Plenty ca. 50 km off the North Island's east coast is one of New Zealands most active volcanoes, well known for its spectacular crater with strong hydrothermal activity and sulphur deposits. It is part of the active Taupo volcanic zone and last erupted in 2001 (phreatic explosion).

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Типичный извержения стиль: Explosive (in historic time: frequent small phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions)
White Island Вулкан-извержения: 2019, 2016, 2013, 2012, 2001, 1998-2000, 1998, 1995, 1986-94, 1983-84, 1976-82, 1974, 1971, 1971, 1970, 1969, 1968-69, 1966-67, 1962, 1959, 1958, 1957, 1955, 1947, 1933, 1930, 1928, 1926, 1924, 1922, 1909, 1908 (?), 1886?,1886, 1885 (?), 1885, 1856 (?), 1836, 1826

ВремяМагнитуда / ГлубинаРасстояние/Местоположение
Среда, 22 сентября 2021 23:44 GMT (2 землетрясения)
23 сен 2021 11:44 (GMT +12) (22 сен 2021 23:44 GMT)
2.7

12 km
28 km (17 mi)
South Pacific Ocean, 78 km к северо-востоку от Тауранга, Новая Зеландия
22 сен 2021 17:49 (GMT +12) (22 сен 2021 05:49 GMT)
2.7

12 km
24 km (15 mi)
South Pacific Ocean, 78 km к северо-востоку от Тауранга, Новая Зеландия
Вторник, 21 сентября 2021 17:13 GMT (2 землетрясения)
22 сен 2021 05:13 (GMT +12) (21 сен 2021 17:13 GMT)
2.8

99 km
20 km (12 mi)
South Pacific Ocean, 42 km к северо-востоку от Факатане, Новая Зеландия
21 сен 2021 16:47 (GMT +12) (21 сен 2021 04:47 GMT)
2.8

207 km
49 km (30 mi)
South Pacific Ocean, 50 km к востоку от Тауранга, Новая Зеландия

Справочная информация

Uninhabited 2 x 2.4 km White Island, one of New Zealand's most active volcanoes, is the emergent summit of a 16 x 18 km submarine volcano in the Bay of Plenty about 50 km offshore of North Island. The 321-m-high island consists of two overlapping andesitic-to-dacitic stratovolcanoes; the summit crater appears to be breached to the SE because the shoreline corresponds to the level of several notches in the SE crater wall. Volckner Rocks, four sea stacks that are remnants of a lava dome, lie 5 km NNE of White Island. Intermittent moderate phreatomagmatic and strombolian eruptions have occurred at White Island throughout the short historical period beginning in 1826, but its activity also forms a prominent part of Maori legends. Formation of many new vents during the 19th and 20th centuries has produced rapid changes in crater floor topography. Collapse of the crater wall in 1914 produced a debris avalanche that buried buildings and workers at a sulfur-mining project.
(Source: GVP)

White Island Фото

Small river coming from the crater of White Island (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Small river coming from the crater of White Island (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fumarole at White Island (NZ) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fumarole at White Island (NZ) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Green crater lake of White Island, New Zealand, in 2010 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Green crater lake of White Island, New Zealand, in 2010 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Aerial view of White Island volcano, New Zealand (Photo: Richard Arculus)
Aerial view of White Island volcano, New Zealand (Photo: Richard Arculus)
 


2012 eruption
A new phase of activity started on 5 August 2012, following an increase in seismic activity since July. The eruption consisted in weak ash emissions from a new vent in the Crater Lake. It is the first ash emission from White Island in 12 years. ...БОЛЬШЕ

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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