The 1950 eruption of Santorini volcano (Nea Kameni)

Summary:

The blocky lava dome (Liatsikas lavas) from the 1950 eruption on Nea Kameni, the (so-far) youngest rocks of Greece.
The blocky lava dome (Liatsikas lavas) from the 1950 eruption on Nea Kameni, the (so-far) youngest rocks of Greece.
The 1950, or Liatsikas, eruption was a weak eruption (but still stronger than most phases during the previous eruptions in 1925-28 and 1939-41) and produced a small flat lava dome, following a series of weak to moderate phreatic explosions that opened 2 vents in the location of fissures that had developed during the previous eruptions.
It followed 8 1/2 years after the previous eruption that ended with the formation of the Niki lava dome in 1941, and occurred very close to it.
Georgalas suggests that the 1950 eruption represents the effusion of a rest amount of magma from the same chamber than the 1939-41 eruption, which was prevented from erupting then, because the lavas had cooled too quickly and had temporarily blocked the vents, until 8 and a half year later, gas pressure was large enough to un-block the way. When this happened, the same fractures were used as pathways.

Precursors of the eruption

Earthquakes were noted by inhabitants of the island on 15 December 1949, and in the days preceding and during the eruption on 10, 11, 13 and 16 January 1950.
At that time, there was no seismic monitoring, so only quakes of magnitude significantly above 3 have been recorded, but there could have been many more small ones.

The eruption starts: 10 Jan 1950

The first explosion took place at 01h00 on 10 January 1950, accompanied by weak noises and a felt quake. 11 other weak explosions could be observed until 8h35. The activity originated from the eastern flank of the Georgios cone, about 175 m away from its summit.
Until noon, 7 more weak explosions and one stronger one were noted, the latter produced a loud nois and a dense column of sandy ash. Between 13h50 until 16h50, 6 weak explosions took place with white-gray clouds, and 3 larger explosions that erupted dark gray clouds of ash.
Georgalas, who reports the events during this eruption, notes that the normally weak fumaroles in other parts of Nea Kameni suddenly were much more intense since the eruption started.
Residents in Fira noted lightnings and small flames at night in the ash cloud erupted from the eruption site.

Second day of the eruption (11 Jan 1950)

Explosions increased and occurred all day long. Most of the produced mainly steam clouds, the more violent ones gray ash plumes, some lasting up to 2 minutes. Lightnings were again visible at night.
Between 11h00 and 15h00, Georgalas counted 17 eruptions.
At night, the eruption intensified, and amoderate quake (probably 3-4 magnitude) was felt by all inhabitants. 5 minutes later, a violent explosion occurred.

Day 3-5 of the eruption

On 12 January, the eruption continues in the same way as the previous day. At the vent on the eastern flank of the Georgios cone, small to moderate explosions are near-continuous.
13 January: a light quake was felt by some in Fira. It was follewed by a large explosion that produced a "very large" ash cloud. From 11am to 3pm, 17 explosions occur.
14 January sees a slight increase in explosivity. Blue flames can be seen at night from Fira. Incandescent bombs are seen being ejected to 150-200 height and reaching about the same horizontal distance.
Continous steaming from the vent. It is noted that this degassing is completely silent. 17 explosions counted between 11 am and 3 pm.

Show more
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Weather reports
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Design upgrades
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Additional seismic data sources
  • Improved content in English
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint || Français | Deutsch
Follow us:
Follow us on facebookFollow us on TwitterVisit our Youtube channel