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Soufrière de Guadeloupe volcano

Updated: Mar 2, 2024 06:35 GMT -
Stratovolcano 1467 m / 4,813 ft
West Indies, France, 16.05°N / -61.67°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Last update: 2 Mar 2022 (seismic swarm)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Soufrière de Guadeloupe volcano eruptions: 1977 

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Background

La Soufrière de la Guadeloupe volcano occupies the southern end of Basse-Terre, the western half of the butterfly-shaped island of Guadeloupe. Construction of the Grand Découverte volcano about 0.2 million years ago (Ma) was followed by caldera formation after a plinian eruption about 0.1 Ma, and then by construction of the Carmichaël volcano within the caldera. Two episodes of edifice collapse and associated large debris avalanches formed the Carmichaël and Amic craters about 11,500 and 3100 years ago, respectively. The presently active La Soufrière volcano subsequently grew within the Amic crater. The summit consists of a flat-topped lava dome, and several other domes occur on the southern flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from NW-SE-trending fissure systems that cut across the summit and upper flanks. A relatively minor phreatic eruption in 1976-77 caused severe economic disruption when Basse-Terre, the island's capital city, which lies immediately below the volcano, was evacuated.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Mon, 5 Oct 2020, 07:28

Soufrière de Guadeloupe volcano (West Indies, France): seismic swarm

A seismic swarm was detected at the volcano that began on 29 September at 05:33 local time and is ongoing. Read all
Sat, 5 Jan 2019, 11:15

La Soufrière de Guadeloupe volcano (Guadeloupe, France): seismic unrest continues

Number of earthquakes under Soufrière volcano  up to Nov 2018 (image: OVSG)
Weak volcanic unrest continues at the volcano. During 21-23 Dec 2018, another small seismic swarm took place under the volcano totaling 88 recorded earthquakes of very small magnitudes at shallow depths (less than 2.5 km beneath the summit of the lava dome). ... Read all
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