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Soufrière Guadeloupe volcano

Stratovolcano 1467 m / 4,813 ft
West Indies, France, 16.05°N / -61.67°W
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Soufrière Guadeloupe volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Soufrière Guadeloupe volcano eruptions: 1977 
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Tue, 9 Jan
Tue, 9 Jan 21:50 UTCM 4.0 / 84 km37 km4.0 GUADELOUPE REGION, LEEWARD ISL.

Background:

La Soufrière de la Guadeloupe volcano occupies the southern end of Basse-Terre, the western half of the butterfly-shaped island of Guadeloupe. Construction of the Grand Découverte volcano about 0.2 million years ago (Ma) was followed by caldera formation after a plinian eruption about 0.1 Ma, and then by construction of the Carmichaël volcano within the caldera. Two episodes of edifice collapse and associated large debris avalanches formed the Carmichaël and Amic craters about 11,500 and 3100 years ago, respectively. The presently active La Soufrière volcano subsequently grew within the Amic crater. The summit consists of a flat-topped lava dome, and several other domes occur on the southern flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from NW-SE-trending fissure systems that cut across the summit and upper flanks. A relatively minor phreatic eruption in 1976-77 caused severe economic disruption when Basse-Terre, the island's capital city, which lies immediately below the volcano, was evacuated.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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