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Soufrière St. Vincent volcano

Updated: Mar 20, 2023 13:42 GMT -
Stratovolcano 1220 m / 4,003 ft
West Indies, St. Vincent, 13.33°N / -61.18°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 23 Mar 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

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Typical eruption style: effusive (lava dome extrusion) and explosive
Soufrière St. Vincent volcano eruptions: 2020-21, 1979, 1902-03, 1880?, 1814, 1812, 1784, 1718 (historical eruptions observed)

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Saturday, March 18, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
Mar 18, 2023 1:05 am (GMT -4) (Mar 18, 2023 05:05 GMT)

166 km
16 km (9.9 mi)
Isla de San Vicente, Charlotte, 7.9 km northeast of Kingstown, St. Vincent & Grenadines


Soufrière St. Vincent is the northernmost and youngest volcano on St. Vincent Island. The 1.6-km wide summit crater, whose NE rim is cut by a crater formed in 1812, lies on the SW margin of the 2.2-km-wide Somma crater, which is breached widely to the SW as a result of slope failure. Frequent explosive eruptions since about 4300 years ago produced pyroclastic deposits of the Yellow Tephra Formation, which blanket much of the island. The first historical eruption of the volcano took place during 1718; it and the 1812 eruption produced major explosions. Much of the northern end of the island was devastated by a major eruption in 1902 that coincided with the catastrophic Mont Pelée eruption on Martinique. A lava dome was emplaced in the summit crater in 1971 during a strictly effusive eruption, forming an island in a lake that filled the crater prior to an eruption in 1979. The lake was then largely ejected during a series of explosive eruptions, and the dome was replaced with another.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Wed, 23 Mar 2022, 19:37

Soufriere St. Vincent volcano (St. Vincent) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 16 March-22 March 2022 (Continuing Activity)

UWI Seismic Research Centre and National Emergency Management Organisation (NEMO) lowered the Alert Level for Soufrière St. Vincent to Green (the lowest level on a four-color scale) on 16 March, noting that seismic and fumarolic activity were at or below background levels recorded prior to the 2020-2021 eruption. The La Soufriere trail remained closed due to the uneven and dangerous terrain. ... Read all
Fri, 18 Mar 2022, 01:49

Soufrière St. Vincent volcano (St. Vincent Island, West Indies): Volcanic Alert Level lowered to Green

Satellite image of Soufrière St. Vincent volcano from 18 January (image: Sentinel 2)
Volcanologists and scientists from the University of the West Indies (UWI) and Seismic Research Centre decided to lower the alert level for the volcano from "yellow" to "green" yesterday. ... Read all
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