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Tendürek Dağ volcano

stratovolcano 3584 m
Turkey, 39.35°N / 43.87°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Tendürek Dağ volcano books
Typical eruption style: explosive
Tendürek Dağ volcano eruptions: 1855 AD
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Fri, 12 Jan
Fri, 12 Jan 11:49 UTCM 2.4 / 10.1 km21 kmYORELI-ERCIS (VAN)
Thu, 28 Dec
Thu, 28 Dec 01:47 UTCM 2.4 / 26.6 km18 kmCICEKLI-MURADIYE (VAN)
Wed, 20 Dec
Wed, 20 Dec 12:20 UTCM 2.2 / 21.9 km25 kmSAGDIC-DOGUBAYAZIT (AGRI)
Tendürek Dagi, also known as Tendürük Dagi, is an elongated shield volcano that rises 1800 m above the plain of Dogubayazit, near the Iranian border, south of Mount Ararat.

Background:

An E-W-trending summit ridge, developed north of an arcuate caldera structure exposed only on the southern side, contains two well-developed cones. The higher western cone is capped by a steep-walled crater with a trachytic spine at its eastern edge. The flatter eastern crater contains a warm lake. The shield volcano developed during a period when highly mobile lava flows from the western crater covered an area of 500 sq km. Following summit caldera formation, numberous flank eruptions took place from N-S-trending fissures, producing viscous trachytic lava domes and flows as well as fluid basaltic pahoehoe flows that extend 10-20 km to the north and south. The lastest activity formed two major basaltic lava flows from large cones on the NE and SE flanks. An eruption took place from a vent on the SE flank about 2500 years ago, and a gas-and-ash eruption took place in 1855.


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