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Tendürek Dağ volcano

stratovolcano 3584 m
Turkey, 39.35°N / 43.87°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Tendürek Dağ volcano books
Typical eruption style: explosive
Tendürek Dağ volcano eruptions: 1855 AD
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Fri, 30 Jun
Fri, 30 Jun 02:16 UTCM 2.4 / 5 km24 kmBASKOY-DOGUBAYAZIT (AGRI)
Fri, 30 Jun 02:16 UTCM 2.4 / 5 km24 km TURKEY-IRAN BORDER REGION
Wed, 28 Jun
Wed, 28 Jun 00:23 UTCM 2.0 / 7.5 km30 kmTURKIYE-IRAN SINIR BOLGESI
Tendürek Dagi, also known as Tendürük Dagi, is an elongated shield volcano that rises 1800 m above the plain of Dogubayazit, near the Iranian border, south of Mount Ararat.

Background:

An E-W-trending summit ridge, developed north of an arcuate caldera structure exposed only on the southern side, contains two well-developed cones. The higher western cone is capped by a steep-walled crater with a trachytic spine at its eastern edge. The flatter eastern crater contains a warm lake. The shield volcano developed during a period when highly mobile lava flows from the western crater covered an area of 500 sq km. Following summit caldera formation, numberous flank eruptions took place from N-S-trending fissures, producing viscous trachytic lava domes and flows as well as fluid basaltic pahoehoe flows that extend 10-20 km to the north and south. The lastest activity formed two major basaltic lava flows from large cones on the NE and SE flanks. An eruption took place from a vent on the SE flank about 2500 years ago, and a gas-and-ash eruption took place in 1855.


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